Document Detail

Experimental and numerical study on optimal spot-electrodes arrays in transthoracic electrical impedance cardiography.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  18003025     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Transthoracic electrical impedance (or admittance) cardiography is a simple technique for the non-invasive and continuous monitoring of stroke volume or cardiac output by detecting the electrical impedance of a thorax which is roughly assumed to be a two-compartment coaxial cylindrical model composed of the aorta and its surrounding thoracic tissues. A tetra-polar band-electrodes method by Kubicek et al. has been widely used for the detection of the electrical impedance. However, this band-electrodes attachment makes a subject troublesome. Replacement of the band- to a spot-electrodes array is therefore highly required for practical use. In our previous reports, we have confirmed that a thorax is nearly assumed as an electrical cylinder model when a pair of current injection spot-electrodes are placed far from the thorax like a placement of the forehead - left medial knee or the mastoid process - lower right abdomen, and that the changes in current distributions associated with cardiac blood ejection are roughly homogeneous around the medial line of the thorax. The present study concerns with determination of an optimal spot-electrodes array for voltage pick-up through the detailed measurements of pulsatile components of the thoracic impedance along the medial line of the thorax using an 11x2 channels impedance mapping system. Additionally, we have investigated the influence of blood volume change in the heart itself by a finite element method.
Akira Ikarashi; Masamichi Nogawa; Shinobu Tanaka; Ken-ichi Yamakoshi
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Conference proceedings : ... Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society. IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society. Annual Conference     Volume:  2007     ISSN:  1557-170X     ISO Abbreviation:  Conf Proc IEEE Eng Med Biol Soc     Publication Date:  2007  
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2007-11-16     Completed Date:  2008-04-08     Revised Date:  2014-08-21    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  101243413     Medline TA:  Conf Proc IEEE Eng Med Biol Soc     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  4580-3     Citation Subset:  IM    
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MeSH Terms
Cardiac Output / physiology*
Cardiography, Impedance / methods*
Finite Element Analysis
Heart / physiology*
Models, Cardiovascular*
Thorax / physiology

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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