Document Detail

Experimental models of cardiac transplantation: design determines relevance.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  25160697     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Experimental models have contributed enormously to basic immunology. However, the use of reductionist experiments has produced results that are not always successfully translated into the clinic. Recently, incorporation of more realistic clinical parameters in experimental designs has produced new insights relevant to cardiac transplantation.
RECENT FINDINGS: Experiments in mice have provided crucial insights into the concept that T cell responses to pathogens generate memory cells with cross-reactive specificities for histocompatibility antigens. These memory T cells are resistant to current immunosuppressive strategies. Memory T cells infiltrate grafts within hours after transplantation, and grafts subjected to clinically relevant periods of cold ischemia are more susceptible to injury by this cellular infiltrate. Early immune responses now can be investigated with improved 'humanized' mice. Mice with multiple knock-in genes for human cytokines support development of human monocytes, macrophages and natural killer cells in increased numbers and with better function.
SUMMARY: Better and more clinically relevant experimental designs are providing animal models tailored to address clinic exigencies.
William M Baldwin; Charles A Su; Thomas M Shroka; Robert L Fairchild
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2014-8-23
Journal Detail:
Title:  Current opinion in organ transplantation     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1531-7013     ISO Abbreviation:  Curr Opin Organ Transplant     Publication Date:  2014 Aug 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2014-8-27     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9717388     Medline TA:  Curr Opin Organ Transplant     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
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