Document Detail


Experimental evaluation of antitobacco PSAs: effects of message content and format on physiological and behavioral outcomes.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  19246628     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
INTRODUCTION: Antitobacco media campaigns using public service announcements (PSAs) have shown promise in reducing smoking initiation and increasing intentions to quit. Research on what makes an effective PSA has had mixed outcomes. The present study tested the effects of specific message features in antitobacco PSAs, using theory-based physiological and self-report outcomes.
METHODS: PSAs were categorized as high or low in message sensation value (MSV) and strength of argument and presented to 200 current smokers in a 2 x 2 factorial design. Physiological responses-specifically, heart rate, skin conductance, zygomaticus major, and corrugator supercilii-were assessed while participants viewed the PSAs. Beliefs, attitudes, efficacy, norms, and intentions to quit were assessed immediately following viewing.
RESULTS: Corrugator activity was significantly greater in the high MSV condition. Among those low in sensation seeking, low MSV PSAs elicited higher self-efficacy, whereas the reverse was true for high sensation seekers. High MSV PSAs elicited higher negative beliefs in low sensation seekers. Adding physiological measures to a model predicting intention to quit did not improve the explained variance.
DISCUSSION: The present study represents the first comprehensive theory-based experimental investigation of the effects of different features of antitobacco PSAs and provides a framework for future research in identifying effective features of such PSAs. Results illustrate the importance of considering individual differences, characterizing both PSA content and format, and outcome and response measures when evaluating antitobacco PSAs.
Authors:
Andrew A Strasser; Joseph N Cappella; Christopher Jepson; Martin Fishbein; Kathy Z Tang; Eugene Han; Caryn Lerman
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural     Date:  2009-02-26
Journal Detail:
Title:  Nicotine & tobacco research : official journal of the Society for Research on Nicotine and Tobacco     Volume:  11     ISSN:  1469-994X     ISO Abbreviation:  Nicotine Tob. Res.     Publication Date:  2009 Mar 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2009-04-08     Completed Date:  2009-08-05     Revised Date:  2014-09-08    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9815751     Medline TA:  Nicotine Tob Res     Country:  England    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  293-302     Citation Subset:  IM    
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Adult
Female
Health Behavior*
Heart Rate
Humans
Male
Middle Aged
Monitoring, Physiologic / methods*
Motivation
Outcome Assessment (Health Care) / methods*
Persuasive Communication*
Public Health Practice*
Questionnaires
Smoking Cessation / psychology*
Grant Support
ID/Acronym/Agency:
CA101404/CA/NCI NIH HHS; P50 CA095856/CA/NCI NIH HHS; P50 CA095856-05/CA/NCI NIH HHS
Comments/Corrections

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