Document Detail

Experimental and clinical results of Er:YAG laser stapedotomy.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  11430437     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: At the beginning of the 1980s, different laser types were used for stapes surgery to reduce potential harm to inner ear structures through manipulation with conventional instruments during stapedotomy. Most clinical studies were carried out with the CO2 or the argon laser. The Er:YAG laser has been used rarely in patients with otosclerosis. STUDY DESIGN/MATERIALS AND METHODS: In an experimental study on 54 human petrous bones, the optimal laser energy parameter for dissection of the posterior stapes crus and the footplate perforation were determined. With these parameters, stapedotomy was carried out with the Er:YAG laser in 29 patients with otosclerosis with a conventional dissection of the incudostapedial joint and the stapedius muscle tendon. The Er:YAG laser was used (60 or 100 mJ, 3-6 pulses) for dissection of the posterior stapes crus and footplate perforation. RESULTS: No intra- or postoperative complications were observed in all 29 patients. Vertigo and hearing loss were not observed intra- or postoperatively. The postoperative hearing results (improvement of the air-bone gap) was in all cases satisfactory (median remaining air bone gap, 8.1 dB). The median operation time was 29 minutes (15-42 minutes) and did not show a significant prolongation in comparison to the conventional technique. In 1 of the 29 patients, the footplate perforation needed to be carried out conventionally. CONCLUSION: For the first time, Er:YAG laser parameters have been optimized and refined in a human petrous bone model and were then used in a clinical setting. According to the presented results, the Er:YAG laser seemed to be a very suitable instrument for stapedotomy.
B M Lippert; S Gottschlich; C Külkens; B J Folz; H Rudert; J A Werner
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Lasers in surgery and medicine     Volume:  28     ISSN:  0196-8092     ISO Abbreviation:  Lasers Surg Med     Publication Date:  2001  
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2001-06-29     Completed Date:  2001-07-19     Revised Date:  2007-11-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8007168     Medline TA:  Lasers Surg Med     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  11-7     Citation Subset:  IM    
Department of Otorhinolaryngology, University of Marburg, Germany.
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MeSH Terms
Laser Therapy*
Otosclerosis / surgery*
Petrous Bone / surgery
Stapes Surgery / methods*
Time Factors

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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