Document Detail

Experience of in vitro fertilization surrogacy in Finland.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  12174160     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
BACKGROUND: In vitro fertilization (IVF) surrogacy makes it possible for women who do not have a functional uterus to have their own genetic offspring. We describe here our experience of IVF surrogacy in Finland over a 10-year period. METHODS: This retrospective study included 17 women who underwent ovarian stimulation in connection with surrogacy in 1991-2001 at four clinics. The surrogate mothers were unpaid volunteers: six sisters, three mothers, one husband's sister, one cousin, four friends and three other volunteers. Thorough counseling was given to the commissioning couples and to the surrogate mothers and their partners. The commissioning couples were prepared to adopt their biological children. RESULTS: Twenty-eight surrogate IVF cycles were started in 17 women. One couple received donated oocytes. Trans-vaginal oocyte retrieval was feasible in every case, including those five women with congenital absence of the vagina and uterus. An average of 1.8 embryos was transferred at a time, and 11 pregnancies were achieved [50% per fresh embryo transfer (ET) and 16% per frozen-thawed ET]. Nine healthy singletons and one set of twins were born. One pregnancy ended in miscarriage. The mean birth weight of singleton infants was 3498 g (2270-4650 g). The birth weights of the twins were 2900 and 2400 g. In all cases the genetic parents took care of the infant immediately after birth. Two surrogate mothers had postpartum depression. CONCLUSIONS: Altruistic IVF surrogacy works well, but careful counseling of all parties involved is essential.
Viveca Söderström-Anttila; Tom Blomqvist; Tuija Foudila; Maritta Hippeläinen; Henri Kurunmäki; Rita Siegberg; Maija Tulppala; Merja Tuomi-Nikula; Sirpa Vilska; Outi Hovatta
Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Multicenter Study    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Acta obstetricia et gynecologica Scandinavica     Volume:  81     ISSN:  0001-6349     ISO Abbreviation:  Acta Obstet Gynecol Scand     Publication Date:  2002 Aug 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2002-08-13     Completed Date:  2002-09-26     Revised Date:  2004-11-17    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0370343     Medline TA:  Acta Obstet Gynecol Scand     Country:  Denmark    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  747-52     Citation Subset:  IM    
The Family Federation of Finland, Infertility Clinic, Helsinki.
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MeSH Terms
Fertilization in Vitro / statistics & numerical data*
Middle Aged
Outcome Assessment (Health Care)*
Pregnancy Outcome
Retrospective Studies
Surrogate Mothers*

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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