Document Detail


Experience-based plasticity of acoustically evoked aggression in a territorial frog.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  12774172     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Territorial male bullfrogs ( Rana catesbeiana) display lower levels of aggression toward familiar territorial neighbors compared to unfamiliar individuals based on the perception of individual differences in vocalizations. Stimulus-specific habituation elicited by repeated exposures to a neighbor's vocalizations is believed to play a role in mediating the low levels of aggression between neighbors. The present study describes habituation in multiple components of the bullfrog territorial aggressive response and examines whether these separate response components habituate at similar or different rates. In response to repeated broadcasts of synthetic bullfrog advertisement calls in a field playback experiment, the numbers of aggressive calls and movements, the latency to the first aggressive call, and the distance approached toward the playback speaker exhibited significant response decrements that developed at nearly identical rates. All four responses exhibited recovery upon subsequent broadcasts of a novel stimulus simulating a different individual. In contrast, the number of advertisement calls did not exhibit significant decrements with repeated playbacks. The patterns of stimulus-specific response decrement were inconsistent with explanations such as sensory adaptation, effector fatigue, non-specific changes in motivation, and a simple form of auditory habituation. Possible mechanisms for the observed plasticity in aggression are discussed in the context of anuran communication.
Authors:
Mark A Bee
Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, U.S. Gov't, Non-P.H.S.     Date:  2003-05-28
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of comparative physiology. A, Neuroethology, sensory, neural, and behavioral physiology     Volume:  189     ISSN:  0340-7594     ISO Abbreviation:  J. Comp. Physiol. A Neuroethol. Sens. Neural. Behav. Physiol.     Publication Date:  2003 Jun 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2003-07-01     Completed Date:  2003-09-03     Revised Date:  2006-11-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  101141792     Medline TA:  J Comp Physiol A Neuroethol Sens Neural Behav Physiol     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  485-96     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
AG Zoophysiology and Behaviour, Carl von Ossietzky Universität, Postfach 2503, 26111, Oldenburg, Germany. mark.bee@uni-oldenburg.de
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Acoustic Stimulation / methods*
Aggression / physiology*
Animals
Habituation, Psychophysiologic / physiology
Male
Neuronal Plasticity / physiology*
Rana catesbeiana / physiology
Territoriality*

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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