Document Detail


Expanding the envelope: the posterior rectus sheath-liver vascular composite allotransplant.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  23358016     Owner:  NLM     Status:  In-Data-Review    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
BACKGROUND: : Primary abdominal wall reconstruction after liver transplantation presents a challenge in patients with size mismatch, multivisceral transplants, and prior recipient abdominal surgery. The authors report their experience with a novel technique for abdominal wall reconstruction with a new vascular composite allotransplant.
METHODS: : Five posterior rectus sheath-liver composite vascular allotransplants were procured by a multidisciplinary team and transplanted into four patients over the course of 2 years. Liver transplantation was performed in the standard manner, and the posterior rectus sheath was inset as an inlay flap.
RESULTS: : Abdominal wall integrity was reestablished with vascularized fascia in all five cases. In two cases, the fascia was closed immediately at the time of initial transplantation. In three cases, the abdomen was left open for a planned second look and closed definitively when the liver appeared satisfactory. In one patient, hepatic artery thrombosis was detected 11 days after transplantation, requiring a second posterior rectus sheath-liver transplant. Skin closure was performed for all transplants in either an immediate or a delayed fashion. Reoperation requiring elevation of the posterior rectus sheath flap for a suprahepatic vena cava stenosis was performed in one patient.
CONCLUSIONS: : Closure of the abdominal cavity is critical to the success of liver transplantation for organ survival and overall patient morbidity and mortality. The authors describe their institutional experience with a novel method of concurrent abdominal wall reconstruction and liver transplantation using the posterior rectus sheath-liver vascular composite allotransplant in situations of size mismatch, multivisceral transplants, and compromised abdominal wall of the recipient.
CLINICAL QUESTION/LEVEL OF EVIDENCE: : Therapeutic, V.
Authors:
Justine C Lee; Oyedolamu K Olaitan; Reynold Lopez-Soler; John F Renz; J Michael Millis; Lawrence J Gottlieb
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Plastic and reconstructive surgery     Volume:  131     ISSN:  1529-4242     ISO Abbreviation:  Plast. Reconstr. Surg.     Publication Date:  2013 Feb 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2013-01-29     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  1306050     Medline TA:  Plast Reconstr Surg     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  209e-18e     Citation Subset:  AIM; IM    
Affiliation:
Chicago, Ill. From the Sections of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery and Transplant Surgery, Department of Surgery, University of Chicago Medical Center.
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