Document Detail

Exhaustive exercise increases inflammatory response via toll like receptor-4 and NF-κBp65 pathway in rat adipose tissue.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  20945364     Owner:  NLM     Status:  In-Data-Review    
Cytokines (IL-6, IL-10, and TNF-α) are increased after exhaustive exercise in the retroperitoneal adipose tissue (RPAT) and mesenteric adipose tissue (MEAT). An exhaustive acute exercise protocol induces inflammation in adipose tissue that lasts 6 h after the exercise has ended. It is well-established that this protocol increases circulating plasma levels of non-esterified fatty acids (NEFAs) and lipopolysaccharides (LPS), compounds that are important in stimulating signaling via toll like receptor-4 (TLR-4) in different type cells. In the present study, we investigated the regulation of TLR-4 and DNA-binding of nuclear factor-κBp65 (NF-κBp65) in different depots of adipose tissue in rats after exhaustive exercise. Rats were killed by decapitation immediately (E0 group, n = 6), 2 (E2 group, n = 6), and 6 h (E6 group, n = 6) after the exhaustive exercise, which consisted of running on a treadmill (approximately 70% V(O2max) ) for 50 min and then running at an elevated rate that increased at 1 m/min, until exhaustion. The control group (C group, n = 6) was not subjected to exercise. In RPAT, TLR-4, MYD-88, and IkBα increased in the E2 group after exercise. MYD-88 and TRAF6 remained increased in the E6 group in comparison with the control group. DNA-binding of NF-κBp65 was not altered. In MEAT, TLR-4, MYD-88, TRAF6, and DNA-binding of NF-κBp65 were increased only in the E6 group. In conclusion, we have shown that increases in pro-inflammatory cytokines in adipose tissue pads after exhaustive exercise may be mediated via TLR-4 signaling, leading to increases in NF-κBp65 binding to DNA in MEAT. J. Cell. Physiol. 226: 1604-1607, 2011. © 2010 Wiley-Liss, Inc.
José C Rosa; Fábio S Lira; Ricardo Eguchi; Gustavo D Pimentel; Daniel P Venâncio; Cláudio A Cunha; Lila M Oyama; Marco T De Mello; Marília Seelaender; Cláudia M Oller do Nascimento
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of cellular physiology     Volume:  226     ISSN:  1097-4652     ISO Abbreviation:  J. Cell. Physiol.     Publication Date:  2011 Jun 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2011-03-17     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0050222     Medline TA:  J Cell Physiol     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  1604-7     Citation Subset:  IM    
Copyright Information:
Copyright © 2010 Wiley-Liss, Inc.
Department of Physiology of Nutrition, Federal University of São Paulo, São Paulo, Brazil.
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