Document Detail


Exercise, upper respiratory tract infection, and the immune system.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  8164529     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
The relationship between exercise and upper respiratory tract infections (URTI) may be modeled in the form of a "J" curve. Various epidemiological studies suggest that unusually heavy acute or chronic exercise is associated with an increased risk of URTI. The risk appears to be especially high during the one or 2-wk period following marathon-type race events. Among runners varying widely in training habits, the risk for URTI is slightly elevated for the highest distance runners, but only when several confounding factors are controlled for. Two randomized experimental trials using small numbers of subjects have provided important preliminary data in support of the viewpoint that moderate physical activity may reduce URTI symptomatology. Clinical data support the concept that heavy exertion increases the athlete's risk of URTI because of negative changes in immune function and elevation of the stress hormones, epinephrine, and cortisol. On the other hand, there is growing evidence that moderate amounts of exercise may decrease one's risk of URTI through favorable changes in immune function without the negative attending effects of the stress hormones.
Authors:
D C Nieman
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Review    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Medicine and science in sports and exercise     Volume:  26     ISSN:  0195-9131     ISO Abbreviation:  Med Sci Sports Exerc     Publication Date:  1994 Feb 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1994-05-20     Completed Date:  1994-05-20     Revised Date:  2007-11-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8005433     Medline TA:  Med Sci Sports Exerc     Country:  UNITED STATES    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  128-39     Citation Subset:  IM; S    
Affiliation:
Department of Health and Exercise Science, Appalachian State University, Boone, NC 28608.
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Exercise / physiology*
Humans
Immune System / physiology*
Randomized Controlled Trials as Topic
Respiratory Tract Infections / immunology*
Risk Factors

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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