Document Detail

Exercise and the treatment of clinical depression in adults: recent findings and future directions.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  12238939     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
This article critically reviews the evidence that exercise is effective in treating depression in adults. Depression is recognised as a mood state, clinical syndrome and psychiatric condition, and traditional methods for assessing depression (e.g. standard interviews, questionnaires) are described. In order to place exercise therapy into context, more established methods for treating clinical depression are discussed. Observational (e.g. cross-sectional and correlational) and interventional studies of exercise are reviewed in healthy adults, those with comorbid medical conditions, and patients with major depression. Potential mechanisms by which exercise may reduce depression are described, and directions for future research in the area are suggested. The available evidence provides considerable support for the value of exercise in reducing depressive symptoms in both healthy and clinical populations. However, many studies have significant methodological limitations. Thus, more data from carefully conducted clinical trials are needed before exercise can be recommended as an alternative to more traditional, empirically validated pharmacological and behavioural therapies.
Alisha L Brosse; Erin S Sheets; Heather S Lett; James A Blumenthal
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.; Review    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Sports medicine (Auckland, N.Z.)     Volume:  32     ISSN:  0112-1642     ISO Abbreviation:  Sports Med     Publication Date:  2002  
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2002-09-19     Completed Date:  2002-11-25     Revised Date:  2007-11-14    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8412297     Medline TA:  Sports Med     Country:  New Zealand    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  741-60     Citation Subset:  IM    
Department of Psychology, University of Colorado, Bolder, Colorado, USA.
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MeSH Terms
Aged, 80 and over
Chronic Disease
Depression / diagnosis,  epidemiology,  therapy*
Middle Aged
Grant Support

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