Document Detail


Exercise training program based on minimum weekly frequencies: effects on blood pressure and physical fitness in elderly hypertensive patients.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  22481693     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
BACKGROUND: Exercise training (ET) can reduce blood pressure (BP) and prevent functional disability. However, the effects of low volumes of training have been poorly studied, especially in elderly hypertensive patients.
OBJECTIVES: To investigate the effects of a multi-component ET program (aerobic training, strength, flexibility, and balance) on BP, physical fitness, and functional ability of elderly hypertensive patients.
METHODS: Thirty-six elderly hypertensive patients with optimal clinical treatment underwent a multi-component ET program: two 60-minute sessions a week for 12 weeks at a Basic Health Unit.
RESULTS: Compared to pre-training values, systolic and diastolic BP were reduced by 3.6% and 1.2%, respectively (p<0.001), body mass index was reduced by 1.1% (p<0.001), and peripheral blood glucose was reduced by 2.5% (p=0.002). There were improvements in all physical fitness domains: muscle strength (chair-stand test and elbow flexor test; p<0.001), static balance test (unipedal stance test; p<0.029), aerobic capacity (stationary gait test; p<0.001), except for flexibility (sit and reach test). Moreover, there was a reduction in the time required to perform two functional ability tests: "put on sock" and "sit down, stand up, and move around the house" (p<0.001).
CONCLUSIONS: Lower volumes of ET improved BP, metabolic parameters, and physical fitness and reflected in the functional ability of elderly hypertensive patients. Trial Registration RBR-2xgjh3.
Authors:
Wilson M De Moraes; Pamella R M Souza; Mônica H N P Pinheiro; Maria C Irigoyen; Alessandra Medeiros; Marcia K Koike
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article     Date:  2012-04-05
Journal Detail:
Title:  Revista brasileira de fisioterapia (São Carlos (São Paulo, Brazil))     Volume:  16     ISSN:  -     ISO Abbreviation:  Rev Bras Fisioter     Publication Date:  2012 Apr 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-05-15     Completed Date:  2012-10-01     Revised Date:  2013-08-21    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  101186153     Medline TA:  Rev Bras Fisioter     Country:  Brazil    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng; por     Pagination:  114-21     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
School of Physical Education and Sport, Universidade de São Paulo, São Paulo, SP, Brazil.
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Aged
Blood Pressure*
Exercise Therapy* / methods
Female
Humans
Hypertension / physiopathology*,  therapy*
Male
Physical Fitness*
Time Factors

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