Document Detail

Exercise training normalizes vascular dysfunction and improves central adiposity in obese adolescents.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  15145107     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
OBJECTIVES: We sought to characterize the impact of obesity on vascular function in adolescents and to determine whether an exercise program reverses abnormalities in endothelial function. BACKGROUND: Obesity, a major modifiable risk factor for cardiovascular disease, is epidemic in Western societies, with rapid rates of increase in the young. Atherosclerosis begins in childhood, and endothelial dysfunction is its earliest detectable manifestation. METHODS: The influence of eight weeks of circuit training (CT) was examined in 19 obese subjects (14.3 +/- 1.5 years), using a randomized, crossover protocol. Functional capacity and muscular strength were assessed by standard techniques. Body composition was examined using anthropometric measures and dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry. Conduit vessel endothelial function was assessed using high-resolution ultrasound and flow-mediated dilation (FMD) of the brachial artery. RESULTS: Circuit training decreased abdominal and trunk fat and significantly improved fitness and muscular strength (p < 0.05). In the obese group, FMD was significantly impaired relative to control subjects (n = 20) at entry (5.3 +/- 0.9% vs. 8.9 +/- 1.5%, p < 0.05) and was normalized after CT (8.8 +/- 0.8%, p < 0.05). CONCLUSIONS: Circuit training improved functional capacity, muscular strength, and body composition in obese adolescents. Furthermore, conduit vessel function was normalized after exercise training. If vascular dysfunction is an integral component of the pathogenesis of vascular disease, this study supports the value of an exercise program in the management of obese adolescents.
Katie Watts; Petra Beye; Aris Siafarikas; Elizabeth A Davis; Timothy W Jones; Gerard O'Driscoll; Daniel J Green
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Clinical Trial; Journal Article; Randomized Controlled Trial; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of the American College of Cardiology     Volume:  43     ISSN:  0735-1097     ISO Abbreviation:  J. Am. Coll. Cardiol.     Publication Date:  2004 May 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2004-05-17     Completed Date:  2004-06-29     Revised Date:  2006-11-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8301365     Medline TA:  J Am Coll Cardiol     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  1823-7     Citation Subset:  AIM; IM    
Human Movement and Exercise Science, University of Western Australia, Crawley, Australia.
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MeSH Terms
Adipose Tissue / physiopathology
Cross-Over Studies
Endothelium, Vascular / physiopathology
Exercise Therapy / methods*
Obesity / complications,  physiopathology,  therapy*
Vascular Diseases / etiology,  physiopathology,  therapy*

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