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Exercise training in chronic heart failure: mechanisms and therapies.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  23239451     Owner:  NLM     Status:  PubMed-not-MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Decreased exercise capacity negatively affects the individuals' ability to adequately perform activities required for normal daily life and, therefore, the independence and quality of life. Regular exercise training is associated with improved quality of life and survival in healthy individuals and in cardiovascular disease patients. Also in patients with stable heart failure, exercise training can relieve symptoms, improve exercise capacity and reduce disability, hospitalisation and probably mortality. Physical inactivity can thus be considered a major cardiovascular risk factor, and current treatment guidelines recommend exercise training in patients with heart failure in NYHA functional classes II and III. Exercise training is associated with numerous pulmonary, cardiovascular, and skeletal muscle metabolic adaptations that are beneficial to patients with heart failure. This review discusses current knowledge of mechanisms by which exercise training is beneficial in these patients.
Authors:
M F Piepoli
Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Netherlands heart journal : monthly journal of the Netherlands Society of Cardiology and the Netherlands Heart Foundation     Volume:  21     ISSN:  1568-5888     ISO Abbreviation:  Neth Heart J     Publication Date:  2013 Feb 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2013-01-16     Completed Date:  2013-01-17     Revised Date:  2013-04-18    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  101095458     Medline TA:  Neth Heart J     Country:  Netherlands    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  85-90     Citation Subset:  -    
Affiliation:
Heart Failure Unit, Cardiology, Guglielmo da Saliceto Hospital, Piacenza, Italy, m.piepoli@alice.it.
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