Document Detail


Exercise training improves fat distribution patterns in 60- to 70-year-old men and women.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  1624697     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Changes in body composition and fat distribution in response to endurance exercise training were compared in 47 men and 46 women, aged 60 to 70 yr. Body composition was assessed by hydrodensitometry and fat distribution was evaluated with skinfold thickness and circumference measures. The 9- to 12-mo exercise program consisted primarily of walking and/or jogging for 46 +/- 5 min.d-1, 4.0 +/- 0.6 d.wk-1, at 80 +/- 5% of maximal heart rate. Although men lost more weight during the exercise program than women (men, -3.4 +/- 4.4 kg; women, -1.6 +/- 3.8 kg), relative changes were not significantly different, averaging -3.7 +/- 4.1% and -2.7 +/- 2.9% of body weight in men and women, respectively. The changes in body weight reflected fat loss, as fat-free mass did not change. The reductions in skinfold thickness and circumferences were similar in men and women, and in both groups the largest absolute and relative changes occurred in the truncal area, indicating a preferential loss of fat from the central regions of the body. The results of this study indicate that endurance exercise training can favorably modify the abdominal fat distribution profile that is typical of older men and women in the United States and thus, perhaps, reduce the risk of the diseases associated with abdominal obesity.
Authors:
W M Kohrt; K A Obert; J O Holloszy
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of gerontology     Volume:  47     ISSN:  0022-1422     ISO Abbreviation:  J Gerontol     Publication Date:  1992 Jul 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1992-08-07     Completed Date:  1992-08-07     Revised Date:  2007-11-14    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0374762     Medline TA:  J Gerontol     Country:  UNITED STATES    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  M99-105     Citation Subset:  AIM; IM    
Affiliation:
Washington University School of Medicine, St. Louis.
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Abdomen
Adipose Tissue / anatomy & histology*
Aged
Body Composition
Body Weight
Energy Intake
Exercise*
Female
Humans
Lipids / blood
Male
Physical Endurance
Skinfold Thickness
Grant Support
ID/Acronym/Agency:
5-M01RR-00036/RR/NCRR NIH HHS; AG-05562/AG/NIA NIH HHS; HL-07456/HL/NHLBI NIH HHS
Chemical
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Lipids

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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