Document Detail

Exercise training and autonomic nervous system activity in obese individuals.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  11474328     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
PURPOSE: This study was designed to investigate the effects of 12 wk of exercise training on autonomic nervous system (ANS) in 18 obese middle-aged men (N = 9) and women (N = 9) (age: 41.6 +/- 1.2 yr; BMI: 27.3 +/- 0.4 kg x m(-2); %fat: 29.6 +/- 1.3%, mean +/- SE). METHODS: Each subject participated in an aerobic exercise training at anaerobic threshold (AT), consisting of 30 min/session, 3 times/wk, for 12 consecutive weeks. The ANS activities were assessed by means of power spectral analysis of heart rate variability (HRV) at resting condition before, at 5 wk, and after the exercise program. RESULTS: The exercise training resulted in a significant decrease in body mass, BMI, and % fat (P < 0.01) but not in lean body mass (P > 0.05) together with a significant increase in the AT VO2 (P < 0.01). Our power spectral data indicated that there were significant increases in the low-frequency component associated with the sympathovagal activity (0.03--0.15 Hz, 348.5 +/- 66.8 vs 694.7 +/- 91.5 ms(2), P < 0.01), the high-frequency vagal component (0.15--0.4 Hz, 146.3 +/- 30.4 vs 347.7 +/- 96.5 ms(2), P < 0.05), and the overall autonomic activity as evaluated by total power (0.03--0.4 Hz, 494.8 +/- 88.5 vs 1042.4 +/- 180.9 ms(2), P < 0.01) of HRV after the training. CONCLUSIONS: Twelve weeks of exercise training has significantly improved both the sympathetic and parasympathetic nervous activities of the obese individuals with markedly reduced ANS activity, suggesting a possible reversal effect of human ANS functions. These favorable changes may also have an influence on the thermoregulatory control over the obesity.
M Amano; T Kanda; H Ue; T Moritani
Related Documents :
1745848 - Reproducibility of the vesicular breath sounds in normal subjects.
12695298 - Cardiovascular control during exercise: insights from spinal cord-injured humans.
15459468 - Adaptation to low-intensity exercise on a cycle ergometer by patients with acute myocar...
11794458 - Autonomic tone as a cardiovascular risk factor: the dangers of chronic fight or flight.
3557758 - The biomechanical and metabolic effects of a running regime on the achilles tendon in t...
12783038 - Head size and motor performance in children born prematurely.
Publication Detail:
Type:  Clinical Trial; Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Medicine and science in sports and exercise     Volume:  33     ISSN:  0195-9131     ISO Abbreviation:  Med Sci Sports Exerc     Publication Date:  2001 Aug 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2001-07-27     Completed Date:  2001-09-20     Revised Date:  2006-11-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8005433     Medline TA:  Med Sci Sports Exerc     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  1287-91     Citation Subset:  IM; S    
Laboratory of Applied Physiology, Graduate School of Human and Environmental Studies, Kyoto University, Kyoto, Japan.
Export Citation:
APA/MLA Format     Download EndNote     Download BibTex
MeSH Terms
Autonomic Nervous System / physiology*
Exercise Therapy*
Heart Rate
Obesity / complications,  therapy*
Treatment Outcome

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

Previous Document:  Does endurance training affect orthostatic responses in healthy elderly men?
Next Document:  Dietary restraint, exercise, and bone density in young women: are they related?