Document Detail

Exercise stroke volume and heart rate response differ in right and left heart failure.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  20413396     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
AIMS: In pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH), the exercise-induced increase in stroke volume (SV) is limited by the increase in pulmonary artery pressure. In left heart failure (LHF), systemic arterial pressure increases little during exercise, and the SV increase is limited by the left ventricle itself. These differences might be reflected by a dissimilar SV and heart rate (HR) response to exercise, which could have important therapeutic implications, for example in beta-blocker therapy. Therefore, we tested the hypothesis that SV and HR responses during exercise are different between PAH and LHF patients.
METHODS AND RESULTS: We included 28 PAH and 18 LHF patients (recruited from the heart failure unit) matched on a maximal oxygen uptake of <15 mL/kg/min, who were referred to our Pulmonary Function Department between 2000 and 2008 for a maximal cardio-pulmonary exercise test. Only patients who had not been exposed to beta-blockers were included. Pulmonary arterial hypertension and LHF patient groups had equally impaired exercise tolerance (about 42% of predicted) with a maximal oxygen uptake of 0.80 +/- 0.29 and 0.86 +/- 0.19 L/min. The peak SV response to exercise was significantly lower in PAH patients (-14 mL, P = 0.01); this was compensated by a steeper slope of HR relating to oxygen uptake (0.03 beats/mL, P = 0.001).
CONCLUSION: We conclude that PAH patients have a smaller SV response, but a larger HR response than LHF patients.
Herman Groepenhoff; Nico Westerhof; Wouter Jacobs; Anco Boonstra; Piet E Postmus; Anton Vonk-Noordegraaf
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Comparative Study; Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't     Date:  2010-04-22
Journal Detail:
Title:  European journal of heart failure     Volume:  12     ISSN:  1879-0844     ISO Abbreviation:  Eur. J. Heart Fail.     Publication Date:  2010 Jul 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2010-06-25     Completed Date:  2010-10-01     Revised Date:  2011-06-08    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  100887595     Medline TA:  Eur J Heart Fail     Country:  Netherlands    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  716-20     Citation Subset:  IM    
Department of Pulmonology, Institute for Cardiovascular Research, VU University Medical Center, PO Box 7057, Amsterdam 1007 MB, The Netherlands.
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MeSH Terms
Exercise / physiology*
Exercise Test
Heart Failure / physiopathology*
Heart Rate / physiology*
Hypertension, Pulmonary / physiopathology*
Middle Aged
Oxygen Consumption
Stroke Volume / physiology*

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