Document Detail


Exercise research on children and adolescents.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  22196575     Owner:  NLM     Status:  In-Data-Review    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
This paper is a review of studies published during the last several years on exercise effects on overweight, growth, chronic illnesses, depression and anxiety in children and adolescents. Although the lion's share of the research involves aerobic exercise, studies on yoga and tai chi are also reviewed. Following exercise, body mass index and lipid profiles have improved in overweight children, and those with asthma, diabetes and depression have also benefited from exercise. The yoga studies reviewed here focused on ADHD and anxiety, and the tai chi studies involved children with ADHD and asthma. A potential underlying mechanism for the positive effects of exercise, yoga and tai chi may be the stimulation of pressure receptors leading to increased vagal activity, decreased stress hormones and increased production of anti-pain and antidepressant neurotransmitters such as serotonin. Further studies are needed using convergent behavioral, physiological and biochemical measures. Nonetheless, the current literature highlights the importance of adding exercise programs to clinics, schools and families for the physical and psychological well-being of children and adolescents.
Authors:
Tiffany Field
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article     Date:  2011-05-04
Journal Detail:
Title:  Complementary therapies in clinical practice     Volume:  18     ISSN:  1873-6947     ISO Abbreviation:  Complement Ther Clin Pract     Publication Date:  2012 Feb 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2011-12-26     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  101225531     Medline TA:  Complement Ther Clin Pract     Country:  England    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  54-9     Citation Subset:  N    
Copyright Information:
Copyright © 2011 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
Affiliation:
Touch Research Institute, University of Miami Medical School, PO Box 016820 Miami, FL 33101, USA; Fielding Graduate University, USA.
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