Document Detail

Exercise and pregnancy outcome among urban, low-income, black women.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  17061749     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Few studies have focused on the association between maternal exercise and outcomes of pregnancy among low-income, Black women. The analysis reported here examines the associations between exercise before and during pregnancy and pregnancy outcomes of preterm birth and low birth weight among a sample of urban, low-income, Black women. Women (N=922) were enrolled in this prospective cohort study during their first prenatal visit at five hospital-based prenatal clinics located in Baltimore City, Maryland, from 1993 to 1995. A questionnaire was used to ask women about their participation in strenuous and non-strenuous exercise before and during pregnancy. Nearly two thirds of the women reported participating in exercise during pregnancy; most women participated in non-strenuous exercise (56%). The risks of both low birth weight (12.2%) and preterm birth (13.7%) were not significantly different whether women reported exercising or not, either before or during pregnancy. For women who were considered high risk because of chronic diseases or previous poor pregnancy outcome, stratified analysis indicated no significant difference in preterm birth or low birth weight between those who exercised and those who did not. Our analysis failed to identify any association between exercise and pregnancy outcomes among low-income, urban, Black women.
Suezanne T Orr; Sherman A James; Joseph Garry; Cheryl B Prince; Edward R Newton
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't; Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Ethnicity & disease     Volume:  16     ISSN:  1049-510X     ISO Abbreviation:  Ethn Dis     Publication Date:  2006  
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2006-10-25     Completed Date:  2007-07-11     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9109034     Medline TA:  Ethn Dis     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  933-7     Citation Subset:  IM    
Department of Health Education and Promotion, East Carolina University, Christenbury 200, Greenville, NC 27858, USA.
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MeSH Terms
African Americans / statistics & numerical data*
Analysis of Variance
Baltimore / epidemiology
Follow-Up Studies
Infant, Low Birth Weight
Infant, Newborn
Logistic Models
Motor Activity
Poverty / ethnology*
Pregnancy Outcome / epidemiology,  ethnology*
Premature Birth / ethnology
Prospective Studies
Risk Factors
Urban Population / statistics & numerical data*

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