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Exercise preconditioning provides early cardioprotection against exhaustive exercise in rats: potential involvement of protein kinase C delta translocation.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  22648735     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
The objective of this study was to investigate the early cardioprotective effect of exercise preconditioning (EP) on the exhaustive exercise-induced myocardial injury in rats and the role of protein kinase C delta isoform (PKCδ) in EP. Rats were subjected to run on the treadmill for four periods of 10 min each at 30 m/min with intervening periods of rest of 10 min as an EP protocol. The exhaustive exercise was performed 0.5 h after EP. PKC inhibitor chelerythrine (CHE) was injected before EP. Our results showed that EP markedly attenuated the exhaustive exercise-induced myocardial ischemia/hypoxia, ultrastructural damage, high serum cTnI, and NT-proBNP levels. CHE injection before EP did not abolish the protection of EP. Both exhaustive exercise and EP produced a significant increase in PKCδ and p-PKCδ(Thr507) protein levels in cardiomyocytes. However, the immunostaining of p-PKCδ(Thr507) in EP cardiomyocytes was primarily localized to intercalated disks and nuclei while the exhaustive exercise-induced high level p-PKCδ(Thr507) was mainly distributed in the cytoplasm. Moreover, the high PKCδ and p-PKCδ(Thr507) levels in exhaustive exercise were significantly down-regulated by EP. CHE did not attenuate the expressions of PKCδ and p-PKCδ(Thr507). These results indicate that an appropriate activation and translocation of PKCδ may represent a mechanism whereby EP can exert an early cardioprotection against exhaustive exercise-induced myocardial injury.
Authors:
Yu-Jun Shen; Shan-Shan Pan; Jun Ge; Zhe Hao
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2012-5-31
Journal Detail:
Title:  Molecular and cellular biochemistry     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1573-4919     ISO Abbreviation:  -     Publication Date:  2012 May 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-5-31     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0364456     Medline TA:  Mol Cell Biochem     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Affiliation:
Department of Sports Anatomy, School of Sports Science, Shanghai University of Sport, 399 Changhai Road, Shanghai, 200438, China.
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