Document Detail


Exercise physiology of the older horse.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  12516929     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Surveys indicate that up to 15% of the equine population in the United States is older than 20 years of age, with many of these animals performing various athletic activities well into their 20s. As is the case with their human counterparts, these geriatric equine athletes have the ability to continue to perform in athletic events. Unfortunately, many horse owners continue to train their active older animals using exercise training protocols that, although appropriate for a younger animal, may not be appropriate for the older equine athlete. Studies in aged human beings have led to a fine-tuning of exercise prescription for the older human athlete so as to prevent the adverse and potentially dangerous effects of excessive work. Published results have led to new and improved programs to promote fitness for the growing population of older adults. Unfortunately, limited data exist regarding the exercise capacity of the aged horse. Future studies on the effects of aging on exercise capacity in equine athletes need to take a few major directions. One question to be answered is at what age does physiologic function first begin to decline in the horse? In human beings, this age varies with training, but noticeable changes in aerobic capacity are first seen in 40- to 50-year-olds. Second, data are needed to determine what levels of exercise enhance the health and well-being of the older horse without harm. Lastly, studies are needed to determine the physiologic mechanisms associated with the onset of aging-induced decreases in physiologic function in the horse. The ultimate goal of all these studies should be to adjust exercise levels to meet the needs of the growing population of athletically active older equine athletes.
Authors:
Kenneth Harrington McKeever
Related Documents :
11171839 - Potential benefits and hazards of physical activity and exercise on the gastrointestina...
19650389 - Desaturation patterns detected by oximetry in a large population of athletes.
15679569 - Sonographic evaluations in elite college baseball athletes.
11528329 - Response to a fluid load in athletes with a history of exercise induced hyponatremia.
2840309 - Plasma corticotropin-releasing hormone, corticotropin, and endorphins at rest and durin...
17261549 - Treat the patient not the blood test: the implications of an increase in cardiac tropon...
15024669 - Impact of sensorimotor training on the rate of force development and neural activation.
22967279 - Effect of acute acupuncture treatment on exercise performance and postexercise recovery...
14624409 - Influence of alpha-adrenergic blockade on the catecholamine response to exercise at 4,3...
Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't; Review    
Journal Detail:
Title:  The Veterinary clinics of North America. Equine practice     Volume:  18     ISSN:  0749-0739     ISO Abbreviation:  Vet. Clin. North Am. Equine Pract.     Publication Date:  2002 Dec 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2003-01-08     Completed Date:  2003-04-24     Revised Date:  2008-11-21    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8511904     Medline TA:  Vet Clin North Am Equine Pract     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  469-90     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Equine Science Center, Department of Animal Science, Cook College, Rutgers--The State University of New Jersey, 84 Lipman Drive, New Brunswick, NJ 08901-8525, USA. mckeever@aesop.rutgers.edu
Export Citation:
APA/MLA Format     Download EndNote     Download BibTex
MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Aging / physiology*
Animals
Body Composition / physiology
Cardiovascular Physiological Phenomena
Exercise Tolerance
Homeostasis / physiology
Horses / physiology*
Physical Conditioning, Animal / physiology*
Respiration

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


Previous Document:  Equine recurrent airway obstruction: pathogenesis, diagnosis, and patient management.
Next Document:  Nutrition and feeding of the geriatric horse.