Document Detail


Exercise performance during inspiratory resistance breathing under exhaustive constant load work.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  9557590     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
The purpose of this study was to determine the effects of different inspiratory resistances on exercise performance and to describe physiological and subjective responses during constant load work of an intensity that elicits the maximum sensitivity to respiratory factors of respirator wear. Nine subjects (mean age 25.8 +/- 4.8 years) performed exhaustive treadmill exercise during constant load work of 80% of maximal aerobic capacity while inspiring against one of five randomly assigned inspiratory resistance conditions. For inspiratory resistances of 0.20 kPa (R1), 0.29 kPa (R2), 0.39 kPa (R3), and 0.49 kPa (R4), measured at a steady air flow rate of 85 L min-1, average performance times were 84, 75, 54, and 30% of the control condition. Performance time reductions were significant for R3 and R4 trials. Results also indicated a significantly reduced mean respiration rate, minute ventilation, and oxygen ventilatory equivalent (VE/VO2) for the R4 condition at exercise breakpoint compared to control. For resistances R1-R4, mean VE/VO2 were significantly reduced from control by approximately 12, 17, 19, and 31%. At breakpoint, mean ratings of perceived exertion were similar for control, R1, R2, and R3 conditions but were significantly lower for R4 versus control. Breathing comfort did not differ significantly between resistances below the R3 level, but discomfort was significantly greater for conditions R3 and R4. These findings suggest that the impact of the respiratory limitations of respirators can be diminished by employing respirators with inspiratory resistances below the R3 level.
Authors:
D M Caretti; J A Whitley
Publication Detail:
Type:  Clinical Trial; Controlled Clinical Trial; Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Ergonomics     Volume:  41     ISSN:  0014-0139     ISO Abbreviation:  Ergonomics     Publication Date:  1998 Apr 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1998-05-19     Completed Date:  1998-05-19     Revised Date:  2004-11-17    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0373220     Medline TA:  Ergonomics     Country:  ENGLAND    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  501-11     Citation Subset:  IM; S    
Affiliation:
US Army Edgewood Research, Development and Engineering Center, Aberdeen Proving Ground, MD 21010-5423, USA.
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Adult
Airway Resistance / physiology*
Exercise / physiology*
Exercise Test / methods
Exercise Tolerance / physiology*
Female
Humans
Male
Oxygen Consumption / physiology
Respiratory Mechanics / physiology*
Weight-Bearing / physiology

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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