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Exercise performance comparison of bicaval and biatrial orthotopic heart transplant recipients.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  22172860     Owner:  NLM     Status:  In-Data-Review    
BACKGROUND: The standard biatrial technique for orthotopic heart transplantation uses a large atrial anastomosis to connect the donor and recipient atria. A modified technique involves bicaval and pulmonary venous anastomoses and is believed to preserve the anatomic configuration and physiological function of the atria. Bicaval heart transplantation reduces postoperative valvular regurgitation and is associated with a lower incidence of pacemaker insertion.
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to compare postoperative functional capacity and exercise performance in patients with bicaval and biatrial orthotopic heart transplantation.
METHODS: Patients were selected for the study if they did not have any of the following: obstructive coronary artery disease (>50% stenosis), severe mitral or tricuspid regurgitation, signs of rejection (grade ≥1B-1R) on endomyocardial biopsy during the prior year, respiratory impairment, a permanent pacemaker, orthopedic or muscular impediments, or lived more than 150 miles from the medical center. A total of 27 patients qualified. In 15 patients who received a biatrial heart transplant and 12 patients with a bicaval heart transplant, a stationary bicycle exercise test was performed. Ventilatory gas exchange and maximum oxygen consumption measurements were measured.
RESULTS: Recipient and donor characteristics, including body surface area, donor/recipient weight mismatch, immunosuppressive regimen, and self-reported weekly exercise activity, did not differ between the biatrial and bicaval groups (P = not significant [NS]). At peak exercise, similar heart rate, workload, oxygen consumption, carbon dioxide production, ventilation, functional capacity, and exercise duration were found between the 2 groups (P = NS). Patients in the biatrial group were studied later than patients in the bicaval group (6.54 ± 0.71 vs 4.68 ± 0.28 years; P < .001).
CONCLUSION: There were no significant differences in the exercise capacity between patients with biatrial versus bicaval techniques for orthotopic heart transplantation. Factors other than the atrial connection (such as cardiac denervation, immunosuppressive drug effect, or physical deconditioning) may be more important determinants of subnormal exercise capacity after heart transplantation. Nevertheless, the reduction in morbidity and postoperative complications and the simplicity in the bicaval technique suggest that bicaval heart transplantation offers advantages when compared with the standard biatrial technique.
L S C Czer; M H Cohen; S P Gallagher; L A Czer; H J Soukiasian; M Rafiei; J R Pixton; M Awad; A Trento
Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Transplantation proceedings     Volume:  43     ISSN:  1873-2623     ISO Abbreviation:  Transplant. Proc.     Publication Date:  2011 Dec 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2011-12-16     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0243532     Medline TA:  Transplant Proc     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  3857-62     Citation Subset:  IM    
Copyright Information:
Copyright © 2011 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
Divisions of Cardiothoracic Surgery and Cardiology, Cedars-Sinai Heart Institute, Cedars-Sinai Medical Center, Los Angeles, California, USA.
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