Document Detail


Exercise performance of Tibetan and Han adolescents at altitudes of 3,417 and 4,300 m.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  9262465     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
The difference was studied between O2 transport in lifelong Tibetan adolescents and in newcomer Han adolescents acclimatized to high altitude. We measured minute ventilation, maximal O2 uptake, maximal cardiac output, and arterial O2 saturation during maximal exercise, using the incremental exercise technique, at altitudes of 3,417 and 4,300 m. The groups were well matched for age, height, and nutritional status. The Tibetans had been living at the altitudes for a longer period than the Hans (14.5 +/- 0.2 vs. 7.8 +/- 0.8 yr at 3,417 m, P < 0.01; and 14.7 +/- 0.3 vs. 5.3 +/- 0.7 yr at 4,300 m, P < 0.01, respectively). At rest, Tibetans had significantly greater vital capacity and maximal voluntary ventilation than the Hans at both altitudes. At maximal exercise, Tibetans compared with Hans had higher maximal O2 uptake (42.2 +/- 1.7 vs. 36.7 +/- 1.2 ml . min-1 . kg-1 at 3,417 m, P < 0.01; and 36.8 +/- 1.9 vs. 30.0 +/- 1. 4 ml . min-1 . kg-1 at 4,300 m, P < 0.01, respectively) and greater maximal cardiac output (12.8 +/- 0.3 vs. 11.4 +/- 0.2 l/min at 3,417 m, P < 0.01; 11.5 +/- 0.5 vs. 10.0 +/- 0.5 l/min at 4,300 m, P < 0. 05, respectively). Although the differences in arterial O2 saturation between Tibetans and Hans were not significant at rest and during mild exercise, the differences became greater with increases in exercise workload at both altitudes. We concluded that exposure to high altitude from birth to adolescence resulted in an efficient O2 transport and a greater aerobic exercise performance that may reflect a successful adaptation to life at high altitude.
Authors:
Q H Chen; R L Ge; X Z Wang; H X Chen; T Y Wu; T Kobayashi; K Yoshimura
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of applied physiology (Bethesda, Md. : 1985)     Volume:  83     ISSN:  8750-7587     ISO Abbreviation:  J. Appl. Physiol.     Publication Date:  1997 Aug 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1997-09-15     Completed Date:  1997-09-15     Revised Date:  2013-09-26    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8502536     Medline TA:  J Appl Physiol (1985)     Country:  UNITED STATES    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  661-7     Citation Subset:  IM; S    
Affiliation:
Qinghai High Altitude Medical Science Institute, Xining, Qinghai 810012, China.
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Acclimatization*
Adolescent
Altitude*
Asian Continental Ancestry Group*
China / ethnology
Humans
Male
Oxygen Consumption
Physical Fitness*
Tibet / ethnology

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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