Document Detail

Exercise interventions as an adjunct therapy for psychosis: a critical review.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  17472204     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
PURPOSE: To review the existing evidence examining effectiveness of exercise as an adjunct therapy for psychosis. METHOD: A search of databases including Pub Med, Psych Info, Cochrane Library, Cinahl, Sports Discus and Web of Knowledge was conducted to identify studies investigating the psychological changes following exercise interventions in people with psychosis. Literature was subjected to a critical review to determine the effectiveness of exercise as a therapy for psychosis. RESULTS: A total of ten studies met the inclusion criteria: four quantitative, two qualitative and four using a mixed method design. Exercise interventions were supervised and generally lasted between 10 and 12 weeks. Study samples were small, even in the quantitative studies, meaning that statistical analysis was not always possible. Study design and outcome measures varied across all studies. Generally the research findings demonstrated a positive trend towards improved mental health for those participants utilising exercise. CONCLUSION: The findings suggest the presence of a positive effect of exercise on mental health in people with psychosis, yet there is a need for greater consistency within the research to determine the size of effects and the most successful type of intervention. As exercise is increasingly used in the mental health service, more research is needed to provide a more comprehensive evidence-based practice.
Naomi Ellis; Diane Crone; Rachel Davey; Sarah Grogan
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Review    
Journal Detail:
Title:  The British journal of clinical psychology / the British Psychological Society     Volume:  46     ISSN:  0144-6657     ISO Abbreviation:  Br J Clin Psychol     Publication Date:  2007 Mar 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2007-05-02     Completed Date:  2007-05-30     Revised Date:  2007-11-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8105533     Medline TA:  Br J Clin Psychol     Country:  England    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  95-111     Citation Subset:  IM    
Centre for Sport and Exercise Research, Staffordshire University, Leek Road, Stoke-on-Trent, Staffordshire ST4 2DF, UK.
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MeSH Terms
Antipsychotic Agents / therapeutic use
Clinical Trials as Topic
Combined Modality Therapy / psychology
Exercise / psychology*
Follow-Up Studies
Health Promotion
Outcome Assessment (Health Care)
Psychotic Disorders / diagnosis,  psychology,  rehabilitation*
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Antipsychotic Agents

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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