Document Detail

Exercise in a behavioural weight control programme for obese patients with Type 2 (non-insulin-dependent) diabetes.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  3071485     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Two studies were conducted to determine whether adding exercise to a diet programme promotes weight loss or glycaemic control in Type 2 (non-insulin-dependent) diabetic subjects. In Study 1, 25 subjects were randomly assigned to diet plus moderate exercise or diet plus placebo exercise. All subjects exercised twice a week as a group and once a week on their own; the diet plus moderate exercise group walked a 3-mile route at each session while the diet plus placebo exercise group did very low intensity exercises such as stretching and light calisthenics. All subjects followed a calorie-counting diet and were taught behaviour modification strategies. Weight losses and improvements in glycaemic control did not differ significantly between the two treatment groups at the end of the 10-week treatment or at 1-year follow-up. In Study 2, more extreme conditions were compared: a diet only group and a diet plus exercise group. The diet plus exercise group walked a 3-mile route with the group 3 times/week and once a week on their own, while the diet only group was instructed to maintain their current low level of activity. Both groups received comparable diet and behaviour modification instruction and therapist contacts. The diet plus exercise group had significantly (p less than 0.01) better weight losses than the diet only condition at the end of the 10 week programme (-9.3 kg vs -5.6 kg) and at 1 year follow-up (-7.9 kg vs -3.8 kg).(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)
R R Wing; L H Epstein; M Paternostro-Bayles; A Kriska; M P Nowalk; W Gooding
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Clinical Trial; Comparative Study; Journal Article; Randomized Controlled Trial; Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Diabetologia     Volume:  31     ISSN:  0012-186X     ISO Abbreviation:  Diabetologia     Publication Date:  1988 Dec 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1989-05-18     Completed Date:  1989-05-18     Revised Date:  2008-11-21    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0006777     Medline TA:  Diabetologia     Country:  GERMANY, WEST    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  902-9     Citation Subset:  IM    
University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine, Penn.
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MeSH Terms
Body Weight*
Clinical Trials as Topic
Diabetes Mellitus / physiopathology,  therapy*
Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2 / physiopathology,  therapy*
Diabetic Diet*
Middle Aged
Physical Exertion
Weight Loss
Grant Support

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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