Document Detail

Exercise in Pregnancy: Effect on Fitness and Obstetric Outcomes- A Randomized Trial.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  22843114     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
OBJECTIVE: A prospective randomized controlled trial was designed to assess the benefits and possible risks of aerobic exercise during pregnancy, using a fitness regimen based on the 2002 ACOG guidelines for exercise during pregnancy. METHODS: Inactive women were randomized at 12-14 weeks gestation to a group which remained sedentary, or to a group which performed moderate aerobic exercise 45-60 minutes, 4 days per week, through 36 weeks gestation. 31 subjects in each group completed the study. RESULTS: Compared to women who remained sedentary, active women improved aerobic fitness (p<.05) and muscular strength (p<.01), delivered comparable size infants with significantly fewer Caesarean deliveries (p<.01), and recovered faster postpartum (p<.05), at least related to the lower incidence of C. section. Active women developed no gestational hypertension (p=0.16 compared to controls) and reported no injuries related to the exercise regimen. In the active group there was one premature birth at 33 weeks by a woman with a past history of premature delivery of twins at 34 weeks. There were no differences between groups in incidence of gestational diabetes, musculoskeletal pains during pregnancy, flexibility on sit-and- reach test, mean length of pregnancy, neonatal Apgar scores, placenta weights, overall length of labor, weight gain during pregnancy, or weight retention postpartum. CONCLUSION: Previously sedentary women who began exercising at 12-14 weeks improved fitness and delivery outcomes.
Bradley B Price; Saeid B Amini; Kaelyn Kappeler
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2012-7-26
Journal Detail:
Title:  Medicine and science in sports and exercise     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1530-0315     ISO Abbreviation:  -     Publication Date:  2012 Jul 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-7-30     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8005433     Medline TA:  Med Sci Sports Exerc     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Bradley B Price MD Professional Association, Austin, TX1 George Washington University, Washington, DC 2 NeuroTexas Institute, St. David's Health Care System, Austin, TX 3.
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