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Exercise improves motor deficits and alters striatal GFAP expression in a 6-OHDA-induced rat model of Parkinson's disease.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  22231471     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Astrocytic changes have been demonstrated in several neurodegenerative diseases, showing that these cells play an important role in functional recovery/maintenance against brain damage. Physical exercise is known to contribute to this process; however, the cellular mechanisms involved are not fully understood. This study investigated the effects of physical exercise on motor deficits and the expression of glial fibrillary acidic protein (GFAP) in a model of Parkinson's disease (PD). Rats were divided into four groups: sham sedentary (SS) and sham trained (ST); lesioned sedentary (LS) and lesioned trained (LT). 6-OHDA was infused unilaterally into the medial forebrain bundle. Behavioral tasks were applied to evaluate motor abilities. Tyrosine hydroxylase (TH-in substantia nigra) and GFAP (in striatum) immunoreactivities (ir) were semi-quantified using optical density. The animals submitted to treadmill training completed fewer pharmacological-induced rotations when compared with sedentary animals and they also showed ameliorated motor impairments. Interestingly, although no change in TH-ir, the exercise led to restored striatal GFAP expression in the LT group while there was no effect in the ST group. This study is the first study to show data indicating the recovery of GFAP expression post-exercise in this model and further research is necessary to determine the precise action mechanisms of exercise on astrocytes in the PD.
Authors:
Márcio Ferreira Dutra; Mariane Jaeger; Jocemar Ilha; Pedro Ivo Kalil-Gaspar; Simone Marcuzzo; Matilde Achaval
Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2012-1-10
Journal Detail:
Title:  Neurological sciences : official journal of the Italian Neurological Society and of the Italian Society of Clinical Neurophysiology     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1590-3478     ISO Abbreviation:  -     Publication Date:  2012 Jan 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-1-10     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  100959175     Medline TA:  Neurol Sci     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Affiliation:
Programa de Pós-Graduação em Neurociências, Instituto de Ciências Básicas da Saúde, Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul, Porto Alegre, RS, Brazil.
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