Document Detail


Exercise identity and attribution properties predict negative self-conscious emotions for exercise relapse.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  23027232     Owner:  NLM     Status:  In-Data-Review    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Research on exercise identity (EXID) indicates that it is related to negative affect when exercisers are inconsistent or relapse. Although identity theory suggests that causal attributions about this inconsistency elicit negative self-conscious emotions of shame and guilt, no EXID studies have examined this for exercise relapse. Weiner's attribution-based theory of interpersonal motivation (2010) offers a means of testing the attribution-emotion link. Using both frameworks, we examined whether EXID and attributional properties predicted negative emotions for exercise relapse. Participants (n = 224) read an exercise relapse vignette, and then completed EXID, attributions, and emotion measures. Hierarchical multiple regression models using EXID and the attributional property of controllability significantly predicted each of shame and guilt, R2 adjusted = .09, ps ≤ .001. Results support identity theory suggestions and Weiner's specific attribution-emotion hypothesis. This first demonstration of an interlinking of EXID, controllability, and negative self-conscious emotions offers more predictive utility using complementary theories than either theory alone.
Authors:
Parminder K Flora; Shaelyn M Strachan; Lawrence R Brawley; Kevin S Spink
Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of sport & exercise psychology     Volume:  34     ISSN:  1543-2904     ISO Abbreviation:  J Sport Exerc Psychol     Publication Date:  2012 Oct 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-10-02     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8809258     Medline TA:  J Sport Exerc Psychol     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  647-60     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
College of Kinesiology, University of Saskatchewan, Saskatoon, SK, Canada.
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