Document Detail


Exercise and end-stage kidney disease: functional exercise capacity and cardiovascular outcomes.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  19801136     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
This review examined published reports of the impact of extradialytic and intradialytic exercise programs on physiologic aerobic exercise capacity, functional exercise endurance, and cardiovascular outcomes in individuals with ESKD. Studies spanning 30 years from the first published report of exercise in the ESKD population were reviewed. Studies conducted in the first half of the publication record focused on the efficacy of exercise training programs performed "off"-dialysis with respect to the modification of traditional cardiovascular risk factors, aerobic capacity, and its underlying determinants. In the latter half of the record, there had been a shift to include other client-centered goals such as physical function and quality of life. There is evidence that both intra- and extradialytic programs can significantly enhance aerobic exercise capacity, but moderate-intensity extradialytic programs may result in greater gains in those individuals who initially have extremely poor aerobic capacity. Functionally, substantive improvements in exercise endurance in excess of the minimum clinical significant difference can occur following either low- or moderate-intensity exercise regardless of the initial level of performance. Reductions in blood pressure and enhanced vascular functioning reported after predominantly intradialytic exercise programs suggest that either low- or moderate-intensity exercise programs can confer cardiovascular benefit. Regardless of prescription model, there was an overall lack of evidence regarding the impact of exercise-induced changes in exercise capacity, endurance, and cardiovascular function on a number of relevant health outcomes (survival, morbidity, and cardiovascular risk), and, more importantly, there is no evidence on the long-term impact of exercise and/or physical activity interventions on these health outcomes.
Authors:
Trisha L Parsons; Cheryl E King-Vanvlack
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't; Review    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Advances in chronic kidney disease     Volume:  16     ISSN:  1548-5609     ISO Abbreviation:  Adv Chronic Kidney Dis     Publication Date:  2009 Nov 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2009-10-05     Completed Date:  2010-02-22     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  101209214     Medline TA:  Adv Chronic Kidney Dis     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  459-81     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
School of Rehabilitation Therapy, Queen's University, Kingston, Ontario, Canada. parsonst@queensu.ca
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Cardiovascular Diseases / etiology,  prevention & control*
Exercise / physiology*
Exercise Tolerance / physiology*
Humans
Kidney Failure, Chronic / complications,  physiopathology*,  therapy
Oxygen / physiology
Renal Dialysis
Chemical
Reg. No./Substance:
7782-44-7/Oxygen

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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