Document Detail

Exercise capacity is the strongest predictor of mortality in patients with peripheral arterial disease.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  23044259     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to assess the predictive value of clinical and exercise test variables in patients with peripheral arterial disease (PAD).
METHODS: A customized symptom-limited ramp treadmill protocol was used to assess 725 PAD patients referred for exercise testing at the Palo Alto Veterans Hospital between 1997 and 2011. Detailed clinical and exercise test data were collected at baseline, and patients were followed up for a mean of 11.3 ± 6.3 years.
RESULTS: During follow-up, there were 364 deaths. Baseline exercise capacity was 7.0 ± 2.6 metabolic equivalents (METs) among survivors and 5.5 ± 2.4 METs in those who died (P < .001). Although several physiologic parameters differed between survivors and nonsurvivors, age-adjusted Cox regression revealed that exercise capacity was the strongest independent predictor of death. Each additional MET achieved was associated with age-adjusted 18% and 20% reductions in all-cause and cardiovascular mortality, respectively (P < .001 for both). This variable surpassed all classical risk factors (including smoking and history of congestive heart failure) and all measured exercise test responses (including symptoms and electrocardiograph abnormalities).
CONCLUSIONS: Among PAD patients, reduced exercise capacity is the most powerful harbinger of long-term mortality. This factor has predictive power beyond traditional risk factors and confirms the critical importance of fitness in this cohort.
Nicholas J Leeper; Jonathan Myers; Margaret Zhou; Kevin T Nead; Arshiya Syed; Yoko Kojima; Roxanne Diaz Caceres; John P Cooke
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural     Date:  2012-10-06
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of vascular surgery     Volume:  57     ISSN:  1097-6809     ISO Abbreviation:  J. Vasc. Surg.     Publication Date:  2013 Mar 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2013-02-28     Completed Date:  2013-04-18     Revised Date:  2014-03-09    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8407742     Medline TA:  J Vasc Surg     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  728-33     Citation Subset:  IM    
Copyright Information:
Copyright © 2013 Society for Vascular Surgery. All rights reserved.
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MeSH Terms
Chi-Square Distribution
Exercise Test*
Exercise Tolerance*
Follow-Up Studies
Hospitals, Veterans
Kaplan-Meier Estimate
Middle Aged
Peripheral Arterial Disease / diagnosis*,  mortality*,  physiopathology
Predictive Value of Tests
Proportional Hazards Models
Prospective Studies
Risk Factors
Time Factors
Grant Support

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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