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Exercise-based cardiac rehabilitation in patients with coronary heart disease: meta-analysis outcomes revisited.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  23013125     Owner:  NLM     Status:  In-Data-Review    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Cardiac rehabilitation that includes either exercise training alone or exercise training in addition to psychosocial, risk factor management and/or educational interventions is considered a Class I indication [i.e., useful and effective] for patients with coronary heart disease. This overview of six independent cardiac rehabilitation meta-analyses published since 2000 includes a total of 71 randomized clinical trials (n = 13,824 patients) and clearly demonstrates significant clinical outcomes (reduced all-cause and cardiac mortality, nonfatal reinfarction and reduced hospitalization rates) and significant positive changes in modifiable risk factors (total cholesterol, triglycerides and systolic blood pressure). Despite the observation that the elderly, females, minority ethnic groups, low socioeconomic status patients and patients with comorbidities have not been well represented in the randomized clinical trials. Recent guidelines in the UK and USA have concluded with the recommendation that cardiac rehabilitation is reasonable and necessary and should be promoted by healthcare professionals, including senior medical staff.
Authors:
Neil Oldridge
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Future cardiology     Volume:  8     ISSN:  1744-8298     ISO Abbreviation:  Future Cardiol     Publication Date:  2012 Sep 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-09-27     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  101239345     Medline TA:  Future Cardiol     Country:  England    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  729-51     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
University of Wisconsin School of Medicine & Public Health, Aurora Cardiovascular Services, Aurora Medical Group, 6975 N Elm Tree Rd, Glendale, Milwaukee, WI 53217, USA. neilb@uwm.edu.
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