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Exercise-associated hyponatremia: the influence of pre-exercise carbohydrate status combined with high volume fluid intake on sodium concentrations and fluid balance.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  21046139     Owner:  NLM     Status:  In-Data-Review    
To evaluate the effect of hydration and carbohydrate (CHO) status on plasma sodium, fluid balance, and regulatory factors (IL-6 & ADH) during and after exercise; 10 males completed the following conditions: low CHO, euhydrated (fluid intake = sweat loss) (LCEH); low CHO, dehydrated (no fluid) (LCDH); high CHO, euhydrated (HCEH); and high CHO, dehydrated (HCDH). Each trial consisted of 90-min cycling at 60% VO(2) max in a 35°C environment followed by 3-h rehydration (RH). During RH, subjects received either 150% of sweat loss (LCDH & HCDH) or an additional 50% of sweat loss (LCEH and HCEH). Blood was analyzed for glucose, IL-6, ADH, and Na(+). Post-exercise Na(+) was greater (p < 0.001) for LCDH and HCDH (141.7 + 0.72 and 141.6 + 0.4 mM) versus LCEH and HCEH (136.4 + 0.6 and 135.9 + 0.3 mM). Post-exercise IL-6 was similar in all conditions, and post-exercise ADH was greater (p = 0.01) in dehydrated versus euhydrated conditions. The rate of urine production was greater in HCEH (7.59 + 3.0 mL/min) compared to all other conditions (3.86 + 2.2, 5.29 + 3.1, and 2.96 + 1.1 mL/min for LCDH, LCEH, and HCDH, respectively). Despite CHO and hydration manipulations, no regulatory effects of IL-6 and ADH on plasma [Na(+)] were observed. With euhydration during exercise and additional fluid consumed during recovery, a high-CHO status increased urinary output during recovery, and it decreased the frequency of hyponatremia (Na(+) < 135 mM). Therefore, a high-CHO status may provide some protection against exercise-associated hyponatremia.
Kimberly A Hubing; John T Bassett; Laura R Quigg; Melody D Phillips; James J Barbee; Joel B Mitchell
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article     Date:  2010-11-03
Journal Detail:
Title:  European journal of applied physiology     Volume:  111     ISSN:  1439-6327     ISO Abbreviation:  Eur. J. Appl. Physiol.     Publication Date:  2011 May 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2011-04-12     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  100954790     Medline TA:  Eur J Appl Physiol     Country:  Germany    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  797-807     Citation Subset:  IM    
Exercise Physiology Laboratory, Texas Christian University, P.O. Box 297730, Fort Worth, TX, 76129, USA.
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