Document Detail


Exercise Training and Quality of Life in Individuals With Type 2 Diabetes: A randomized controlled trial.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  23404304     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
OBJECTIVETo establish whether exercise improves quality of living (QOL) in individuals with type 2 diabetes and which exercise modalities are involved.RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODSHealth benefits of aerobic and resistance training in individuals with type 2 diabetes (HART-D; n = 262) was a 9-month exercise study comparing the effects of aerobic training, resistance training, or a combination of resistance and aerobic training versus a nonexercise control group on hemoglobin A1C (HbA(1C)) in sedentary individuals with type 2 diabetes. This study is an ancillary analysis that examined changes in QOL after exercise training using the Short Form-36 Health Survey questionnaire compared across treatment groups and with U.S. national norms.RESULTSThe ancillary sample (n = 173) had high baseline QOL compared with U.S. national norms. The QOL physical component subscale (PCS) and the general health (GH) subscale were improved by all three exercise training conditions compared with the control group condition (resistance: PCS, P = 0.005; GH, P = 0.003; aerobic: PCS, P = 0.001; GH, P = 0.024; combined: PCS, P = 0.015; GH, P = 0.024). The resistance training group had the most beneficial changes in bodily pain (P = 0.026), whereas physical functioning was most improved in the aerobic and combined condition groups (P = 0.025 and P = 0.03, respectively). The changes in the mental component score did not differ between the control group and any of the exercise groups (all P >0.05). The combined training condition group had greater gains than the aerobic training condition group in the mental component score (P = 0.004), vitality (P = 0.031), and mental health (P = 0.008), and greater gains in vitality compared with the control group (P = 0.021).CONCLUSIONSExercise improves QOL in individuals with type 2 diabetes. Combined aerobic/resistance exercise produces greater benefit in some QOL domains.
Authors:
Valerie H Myers; Megan A McVay; Meghan M Brashear; Neil M Johannsen; Damon L Swift; Kimberly Kramer; Melissa Nauta Harris; William D Johnson; Conrad P Earnest; Timothy S Church
Related Documents :
9525104 - Effect of ginseng saponins on exercise performance in non-trained rats.
3145274 - Muscle glycogen storage after different amounts of carbohydrate ingestion.
11832404 - Glycogen phosphorylase and pyruvate dehydrogenase transformation in white muscle of tro...
3431374 - Effects of caffeine, fructose, and glucose ingestion on muscle glycogen utilization dur...
12179954 - Critical velocity and time spent at a high level of vo2 for short intermittent runs at ...
20048484 - Intramyocellular lipids: effect of age, obesity, and exercise.
Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2013-2-12
Journal Detail:
Title:  Diabetes care     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1935-5548     ISO Abbreviation:  Diabetes Care     Publication Date:  2013 Feb 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2013-2-13     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  7805975     Medline TA:  Diabetes Care     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Affiliation:
Pennington Biomedical Research Center, Baton Rouge, Louisiana. V.H.M. is also currently affiliated with Klein Buendel, Inc., Golden, Colorado.
Export Citation:
APA/MLA Format     Download EndNote     Download BibTex
MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


Previous Document:  Transcutaneous Oxygen Tension As a Potential Predictor of Cardiovascular Events in Type 2 Diabetes: ...
Next Document:  Predicting Macro- and Microvascular Complications in Type 2 Diabetes: The Japan Diabetes Complicatio...