Document Detail

Exercise Training and Quality of Life in Individuals With Type 2 Diabetes: A randomized controlled trial.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  23404304     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
OBJECTIVETo establish whether exercise improves quality of living (QOL) in individuals with type 2 diabetes and which exercise modalities are involved.RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODSHealth benefits of aerobic and resistance training in individuals with type 2 diabetes (HART-D; n = 262) was a 9-month exercise study comparing the effects of aerobic training, resistance training, or a combination of resistance and aerobic training versus a nonexercise control group on hemoglobin A1C (HbA(1C)) in sedentary individuals with type 2 diabetes. This study is an ancillary analysis that examined changes in QOL after exercise training using the Short Form-36 Health Survey questionnaire compared across treatment groups and with U.S. national norms.RESULTSThe ancillary sample (n = 173) had high baseline QOL compared with U.S. national norms. The QOL physical component subscale (PCS) and the general health (GH) subscale were improved by all three exercise training conditions compared with the control group condition (resistance: PCS, P = 0.005; GH, P = 0.003; aerobic: PCS, P = 0.001; GH, P = 0.024; combined: PCS, P = 0.015; GH, P = 0.024). The resistance training group had the most beneficial changes in bodily pain (P = 0.026), whereas physical functioning was most improved in the aerobic and combined condition groups (P = 0.025 and P = 0.03, respectively). The changes in the mental component score did not differ between the control group and any of the exercise groups (all P >0.05). The combined training condition group had greater gains than the aerobic training condition group in the mental component score (P = 0.004), vitality (P = 0.031), and mental health (P = 0.008), and greater gains in vitality compared with the control group (P = 0.021).CONCLUSIONSExercise improves QOL in individuals with type 2 diabetes. Combined aerobic/resistance exercise produces greater benefit in some QOL domains.
Valerie H Myers; Megan A McVay; Meghan M Brashear; Neil M Johannsen; Damon L Swift; Kimberly Kramer; Melissa Nauta Harris; William D Johnson; Conrad P Earnest; Timothy S Church
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2013-2-12
Journal Detail:
Title:  Diabetes care     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1935-5548     ISO Abbreviation:  Diabetes Care     Publication Date:  2013 Feb 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2013-2-13     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  7805975     Medline TA:  Diabetes Care     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Pennington Biomedical Research Center, Baton Rouge, Louisiana. V.H.M. is also currently affiliated with Klein Buendel, Inc., Golden, Colorado.
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