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Exercise-Induced ST-Segment Elevation in ECG Lead aVR Is a Useful Indicator of Significant Left Main or Ostial LAD Coronary Artery Stenosis.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  21329903     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
OBJECTIVES: The authors tested the hypothesis that exercise treadmill testing (ETT)-induced ST-segment elevation (STE) in electrocardiographic lead aVR is an important indicator of significant left main coronary artery (LMCA) or ostial left anterior descending coronary artery (LAD) stenosis. BACKGROUND: Although STE in lead aVR is an indicator of LMCA or very proximal LAD occlusion in acute coronary syndromes, its predictive power in the setting of ETT is uncertain. METHODS: Rest and stress electrocardiograms, clinical and stress test parameters, and single photon-emission computed tomographic myocardial perfusion imaging (MPI) data, when available, were obtained in 454 subjects (378 with MPI) who underwent cardiac catheterization and standard Bruce ETT ≤ 6 months before catheterization. Patients were selected for LMCA or ostial LAD disease (≥50% stenosis) with or without other coronary artery disease (CAD), CAD (≥70% stenosis) without significant LMCA or ostial LAD, or no significant CAD. Univariate followed by multivariate logistic regression analyses of clinical, electrocardiographic, stress test, and single photon-emission computed tomographic MPI variables were used to identify significant correlates of LMCA or ostial LAD stenosis. Bayesian analysis of the data also was performed. RESULTS: LMCA (n = 38) or ostial LAD (n = 42) stenosis occurred in 75 patients (5 patients had both). The remainder had CAD without LMCA or ostial LAD stenosis (n = 276) or no CAD (n = 103). In multivariate analysis, the strongest predictor was stress-induced STE in lead aVR (p < 0.0001, area under the curve 0.82). Both left ventricular ejection fraction (after stress) and percent reversible LAD ischemia on single photon-emission computed tomographic MPI also contributed significantly in multivariate analysis (p < 0.005 and p < 0.05, respectively, areas under the curve 0.60 and 0.64, respectively). Although additional electrocardiographic, stress test, and MPI variables were significant univariate predictors, none was statistically significant in multivariate analysis. At 1-mm STE in lead aVR, sensitivity for LMCA or ostial LAD stenosis was 75%, specificity was 81%, overall predictive accuracy was 80%, and post-test probability increased nearly 3 times from 17% to 45%. CONCLUSIONS: Stress (ETT)-induced STE in lead aVR is an important indicator of significant LMCA or ostial LAD stenosis and should not be ignored.
Shanmugam Uthamalingam; Hui Zheng; Marcia Leavitt; Eugene Pomerantsev; Imad Ahmado; Gagandeep S Gurm; Henry Gewirtz
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Publication Detail:
Journal Detail:
Title:  JACC. Cardiovascular imaging     Volume:  4     ISSN:  1876-7591     ISO Abbreviation:  -     Publication Date:  2011 Feb 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2011-2-18     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  101467978     Medline TA:  JACC Cardiovasc Imaging     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  176-186     Citation Subset:  -    
Copyright Information:
Copyright © 2011 American College of Cardiology Foundation. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
Department of Medicine, Cardiology Division, Massachusetts General Hospital, Harvard Medical School, Boston, Massachusetts.
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