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Exercise-Induced Pulmonary Hypertension in Scleroderma Patients: A Common Finding but with Elusive Pathophysiology.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  23252612     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Background: The etiology of exercise-induced pulmonary hypertension (exPH) in systemic sclerosis (SSc) remains a complex task, as both left ventricle (LV) diastolic dysfunction and pulmonary vascular disease can contribute to its development. We determined the incidence of exPH in SSc and examined the association between pulmonary artery systolic pressure (PASP) and tissue Doppler-derived indexes of pulmonary capillary wedge pressure (PCWP). Methods: Thirty-eight patients with SSc were studied, using a cycloergometer protocol; 10 were excluded due to resting PH or absence of tricuspid regurgitation (TR); TR and mitral E-wave velocities, LV outflow tract time-velocity integral and LV septal E'-wave were measured before and in peak exercise to calculate cardiac output (CO), PCWP and pulmonary vascular resistance (PVR). Results: Mean age of diagnosis was 57.9 ± 8.9 years. At a mean workload of 64 ± 29 Watts, 48% of patients increased PASP ≥ 50 mmHg. PCWP, assessed by the E/e' ratio, did not change significantly during exercise (10.2 ± 3.1-10.0 ± 5.1; P = NS). Only 3 patients had elevations of the E/e' ratio ≥ 13 during exercise; 2 of them had an exercise PASP ≥ 50 mmHg, yielding a proportion of exPH due to elevated LV filling pressures of 2/11 (18%). Patients with exPH had lower DL(CO) and had more frequently the diffuse SSc. Conclusion: The elevation of PASP during exercise in most patients of this cohort seems to be related to a reduced pulmonary vascular reserve, and not to an increase in PCWP. Further studies are warranted to determine the therapeutic, as well as prognostic implications of these findings.
Authors:
Rui Baptista; Sara Serra; Rui Martins; Maria João Salvador; Graça Castro; Manuel Gomes; Lèlita Santos; Pedro Monteiro; Jose A Pereira da Silva; Mariano Pêgo
Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2012-12-18
Journal Detail:
Title:  Echocardiography (Mount Kisco, N.Y.)     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1540-8175     ISO Abbreviation:  Echocardiography     Publication Date:  2012 Dec 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-12-20     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8511187     Medline TA:  Echocardiography     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Copyright Information:
© 2012, Wiley Periodicals, Inc.
Affiliation:
Department of Cardiology, Coimbra University Hospital, Coimbra, Portugal; Faculty of Medicine, University of Coimbra, Coimbra, Portugal.
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