Document Detail


Exercise improves behavioral, neurocognitive, and scholastic performance in children with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  23084704     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
OBJECTIVE: To examine the effect of a single bout of moderate-intensity aerobic exercise on preadolescent children with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) using objective measures of attention, brain neurophysiology, and academic performance.
STUDY DESIGN: Using a within-participants design, task performance and event-related brain potentials were assessed while participants performed an attentional-control task following a bout of exercise or seated reading during 2 separate, counterbalanced sessions.
RESULTS: Following a single 20-minute bout of exercise, both children with ADHD and healthy match control children exhibited greater response accuracy and stimulus-related processing, with the children with ADHD also exhibiting selective enhancements in regulatory processes, compared with after a similar duration of seated reading. In addition, greater performance in the areas of reading and arithmetic were observed following exercise in both groups.
CONCLUSION: These findings indicate that single bouts of moderately intense aerobic exercise may have positive implications for aspects of neurocognitive function and inhibitory control in children with ADHD.
Authors:
Matthew B Pontifex; Brian J Saliba; Lauren B Raine; Daniel L Picchietti; Charles H Hillman
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural     Date:  2012-10-17
Journal Detail:
Title:  The Journal of pediatrics     Volume:  162     ISSN:  1097-6833     ISO Abbreviation:  J. Pediatr.     Publication Date:  2013 Mar 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2013-02-26     Completed Date:  2013-04-26     Revised Date:  2014-03-09    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0375410     Medline TA:  J Pediatr     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  543-51     Citation Subset:  AIM; IM    
Copyright Information:
Copyright © 2013 Mosby, Inc. All rights reserved.
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Attention / physiology*
Attention Deficit Disorder with Hyperactivity / physiopathology,  rehabilitation*
Brain / physiopathology*
Child
Evoked Potentials / physiology
Exercise*
Female
Humans
Male
Grant Support
ID/Acronym/Agency:
2T32 HD007333/HD/NICHD NIH HHS; R01 HD055352/HD/NICHD NIH HHS; R01 HD055352/HD/NICHD NIH HHS; T32 HD007333/HD/NICHD NIH HHS
Comments/Corrections

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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