Document Detail

Exercise During Cardiac Catheterization Distinguishes Between Pulmonary and Left Ventricular Causes of Dyspnea in Systemic Sclerosis Patients.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  22789029     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
OBJECTIVE: The cause for shortness of breath amongst systemic sclerosis (SSc) patients is often lacking. We sought to characterize the hemodynamics of these patients by using simple isotonic arm exercise during cardiac catheterization. METHODS: Catheterization was performed in 173 SSc patients when resting echocardiographic pulmonary systolic pressures were <40 but > 40 mmHg post stress. Patients with resting mean pulmonary artery pressures (mPAP) < 25 and pulmonary arterial wedge pressures (PAWP) <15 mmHg exercised with one pound hand weights. Normal exercise was defined as a ΔmPAP/ΔCO ratio <2 for patients < 50 years (<3 for >50). An abnormal ΔmPAP/ΔCO ratio, an exercise transpulmonary gradient (TPG) >15, a PAWP <20, a ΔTPG>ΔPAWP and a PVR which increased defined exercise induced pulmonary arterial hypertension (EIPAH). An abnormal ΔmPAP/ΔCOratio, an exercise TPG <15, a PAWP >20, a ΔTPG<ΔPAWP, and a drop in PVR defined left ventricular diastolic dysfunction (DD). Twelve patients without SSc served as controls. RESULTS: Pulmonary pressures increased with exercise in 53 patients. Six had EIPAH and 47 DD. With exercise mPAP and PAWP were 20+4 and13+2 in controls, 36+3 and 12+4 in EIPAH and 34+6 and 26+4 in DD. Control ΔmPAP/ΔCO was 0.8+0.7, 7.5+3.9 in EIPAH and 9.1+7.2 in DD. Rest and exercise TPG was normal for control and DD patients but increased (12+4 to 23+4) in EIPAH (p<0.0001). PVR decreased in DD but increased in EIPAH with exercise. CONCLUSIONS: Exercise during catheterization elucidates the pathophysiology of dyspnea and distinguishes EIPAH from the more common DD in SSc patients.
W David Hager; Irina Collins; Janet P Tate; Michael Azrin; Raymond Foley; Santha Lakshminarayanan; Naomi F Rothfield
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2012-7-12
Journal Detail:
Title:  The clinical respiratory journal     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1752-699X     ISO Abbreviation:  -     Publication Date:  2012 Jul 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-7-13     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  101315570     Medline TA:  Clin Respir J     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Copyright Information:
© 2012 Blackwell Publishing Ltd.
Pat and Jim Calhoun Cardiovascular Center, University of Connecticut School of Medicine, Farmington, Connecticut.
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