Document Detail


Excretion pattern of co-planar and non-planar tetra- and hexa-chlorobiphenyls in ovine milk and faeces.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  15808522     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
This study employed the gas chromatography with electron capture detection to determine residual levels and excretion patterns of two pairs of structurally diverse polychlorinated biphenyl (PCB) congeners (IUPAC Nos. 54, 80, 155, and 169) administered to lactating sheep by intramuscular injection. PCB levels and excretion patterns in blood, milk, and faeces were time-dependent and differed from the composition of PCB congeners administered. Lactational transfer substantially exceeded the faecal transfer. Between days 3 and 7, the amount of PCB congeners 54 and 169 excreted in milk was around 50- and 800-fold higher than the amount of these two congeners excreted via faeces. During the same period, the relative contribution of co-planar PCB congeners (80 and 169) in PCB pattern decreased in blood and increased in milk and faeces compared with non-planar PCBs (54 and 155). On day 3, the ratio PCB 169 to 54 was 7-fold higher in milk than in faeces. PCB congeners with log Kow values under 6.5 reached peaks of their excretion in milk within the first three days after administration, while the super-lipophilic PCB 169 congener with log Kow value of over 7 has not reached the plateau until day 10, but afterwards, its level remained relatively high throughout the observation period. During the 57-day follow-up period, the excretion of PCB 80, 155, and 169 in milk was 4.5-, 14-, and 46-fold greater compared with PCB 54. Differences in levels and patterns were explained with some physico-chemical properties of individual PCB congeners, such as lipophilicity, planarity, metabolic stability, sorption/diffusion properties.
Authors:
Milka Vrecl; Matjaz Ursic; Azra Pogacnik; Lucija Zupancic-Kralj; Janja Jan
Publication Detail:
Type:  Comparative Study; Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Toxicology and applied pharmacology     Volume:  204     ISSN:  0041-008X     ISO Abbreviation:  Toxicol. Appl. Pharmacol.     Publication Date:  2005 Apr 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2005-04-05     Completed Date:  2005-05-20     Revised Date:  2006-11-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0416575     Medline TA:  Toxicol Appl Pharmacol     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  170-4     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Institute of Anatomy, Histology and Embryology, Veterinary Faculty, University of Ljubljana, 1000 Ljubljana, Slovenia. milka.vrecl@vf.uni-lj.si
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Animals
Chromatography, Gas / methods
Feces / chemistry*
Female
Injections, Intramuscular
Milk / chemistry*,  metabolism,  secretion*
Polychlorinated Biphenyls / administration & dosage,  analysis,  metabolism*
Sheep
Time Factors
Chemical
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Polychlorinated Biphenyls

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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