Document Detail

Exclusive breastfeeding of healthy term infants for at least 6 weeks improves neurological condition.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  14652379     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
To investigate the minimal duration of exclusive breastfeeding for optimal neurological outcome, we assessed the quality of general movements (GM) at 3 mo of 147 breastfed healthy term infants that were followed from birth. The quality of GM is a sensitive marker of neurological condition. The quality of GM was classified as normal-optimal, normal-suboptimal, mildly abnormal and definitely abnormal. Information on social and pre- and perinatal conditions and the duration of breastfeeding was collected prospectively. Logistical regression analyses were used to adjust for confounders. There was a positive association between breastfeeding duration and movement quality, with a saturation effect at the age of approximately 6 wk. In the group of infants breastfed for < or = 6 wk (n = 55), 18% exhibited normal-optimal GM, 47% normal-suboptimal GM, and 47% mildly abnormal GM. In contrast, in the group of infants breastfed for > 6 wk (n = 92), 43% exhibited normal-optimal GM, 45% normal-suboptimal GM, and 12% mildly abnormal GM. Exclusive breastfeeding for >6 wk was therefore associated with markedly less abnormal and more normal-optimal GM. Thus, we conclude that breastfeeding for > 6 wk might improve the neurological condition in infants.
H Bouwstra; E R Boersma; G Boehm; D A J Dijck-Brouwer; F A J Muskiet; M Hadders-Algra
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  The Journal of nutrition     Volume:  133     ISSN:  0022-3166     ISO Abbreviation:  J. Nutr.     Publication Date:  2003 Dec 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2003-12-03     Completed Date:  2004-01-16     Revised Date:  2008-11-21    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0404243     Medline TA:  J Nutr     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  4243-5     Citation Subset:  IM    
Department of Neurology, Perinatal Nutrition and Development Unit, University Hospital, University of Groningen, Groningen, The Netherlands.
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MeSH Terms
Breast Feeding*
Infant, Newborn
Logistic Models
Movement / physiology
Nervous System Physiological Phenomena*
Reference Values
Time Factors

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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