Document Detail


Exchange of amino acids by muscle and liver in sepsis.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  6849634     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
The amino acid "central fractional clearance rate" (CFCR), the ratio of the rate of amino acid entry into the extracellular pool to the size of the pool, is a measure of amino acid uptake and clearance by liver and other visceral tissues. In nine normal postabsorptive persons, the mean CFCR was 5%, compared with 21% in 31 seriously infected patients. For comparative purposes, biopsy specimens of liver and muscle were obtained for incubation. In infected patients, the rate of hepatic incorporation of tyrosine into protein was three times that in noninfected patients and correlated well with the CFCR. There was no significant difference in hepatic tyrosine oxidation. In muscle from infected patients, net protein degradation was six times that in noninfected patients. Incubated tissues from rats behaved similarly. Thus, accelerated transfer of amino acid from muscle to viscera for protein synthesis occurs in humans with sepsis, as it does in animals. The CFCR demonstrated the importance to survival of visceral amino acid uptake; it was 35% in surviving patients, and only 19% in those who died.
Authors:
S Rosenblatt; G H Clowes; B C George; E Hirsch; B Lindberg
Related Documents :
4963394 - A critical study of amino acid incorporation into protein by isolated liver mitochondri...
24966044 - Mammalian expression levels of cellulase and xylanase genes optimised by human codon us...
12361984 - Combinatorial mutagenesis to restrict amino acid usage in an enzyme to a reduced set.
24882914 - Self-structuring foods based on acid-sensitive low and high acyl mixed gellan systems t...
4963394 - A critical study of amino acid incorporation into protein by isolated liver mitochondri...
11067744 - Analysis of purines in urinary calculi by high-performance liquid chromatography.
Publication Detail:
Type:  Case Reports; Comparative Study; In Vitro; Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Archives of surgery (Chicago, Ill. : 1960)     Volume:  118     ISSN:  0004-0010     ISO Abbreviation:  Arch Surg     Publication Date:  1983 Feb 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1983-02-25     Completed Date:  1983-02-25     Revised Date:  2006-11-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9716528     Medline TA:  Arch Surg     Country:  UNITED STATES    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  167-75     Citation Subset:  AIM; IM    
Export Citation:
APA/MLA Format     Download EndNote     Download BibTex
MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Amino Acids / blood,  metabolism*
Animals
Humans
Infection / metabolism*,  mortality
Leucine / metabolism
Liver / metabolism*
Male
Metabolic Clearance Rate
Middle Aged
Muscles / metabolism*
Rats
Rectum / metabolism
Tyrosine / metabolism
Chemical
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Amino Acids; 55520-40-6/Tyrosine; 61-90-5/Leucine

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


Previous Document:  Partial analysis and purification of polymorphonuclear neutrophil chemotactic inhibitors in serum fr...
Next Document:  Relative efficacy and critical interval of antimicrobial agents in experimental infections involving...