Document Detail

Excessive weight gain in women with a normal pre-pregnancy BMI is associated with increased neonatal adiposity.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  23283756     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
BACKGROUND: More than 40% of women with a normal pre-pregnancy body mass index (BMI) exceed the 2009 Institute of Medicine (IOM) guidelines' recommended weight gain of 25-35 lb. Excessive gestational weight gain is one modifiable factor that may be contributing to childhood overweight and obesity.
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to evaluate differences in adiposity from neonates born to mothers with a normal pre-pregnancy BMI who either gained within or above IOM guidelines.
METHODS: Neonatal adiposity was measured within 72 h of birth by the method of air displacement plethysmography.
RESULTS: Compared with mothers who gained within IOM guidelines (N = 27), mothers with excessive gestational weight gain (N = 11) (mean 29.0 vs. 45.2 lb) had neonates with 50% more fat mass (348 vs. 525 g) and 3% greater body fat (10.7 vs. 13.9%).
CONCLUSIONS: Increased adiposity at birth may predispose these children to increased risk of obesity and highlight the importance that women avoid gaining excessive weight in pregnancy.
J L Josefson; J A Hoffmann; B E Metzger
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't     Date:  2013-01-03
Journal Detail:
Title:  Pediatric obesity     Volume:  8     ISSN:  2047-6310     ISO Abbreviation:  Pediatr Obes     Publication Date:  2013 Apr 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2013-03-18     Completed Date:  2013-10-21     Revised Date:  2014-07-02    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  101572033     Medline TA:  Pediatr Obes     Country:  England    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  e33-6     Citation Subset:  IM    
Copyright Information:
© 2012 The Authors. Pediatric Obesity © 2012 International Association for the Study of Obesity.
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MeSH Terms
Birth Weight*
Body Mass Index
Infant, Newborn
Obesity / diagnosis*
Pregnancy Complications / diagnosis*
Pregnancy Outcome
Risk Factors
Weight Gain*
Grant Support

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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