Document Detail


Excess nutrient supply in early life and its later metabolic consequences.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  23350968     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Suboptimal nutrition in early life, both in utero and during infancy, are linked to increased risk of adult obesity and its associated adverse metabolic health problems. Excess nutrient supply during early life, can lead to metabolic programming in the offspring. Such overnutrition can occur in offspring of obese mothers, offspring of mothers who gain excess weight during gestation, infants of diabetic mothers and infants who undergo rapid growth, particularly weight gain, during early infancy. Postnatal overnutrition is particularly detrimental for infants who are born small for gestational age who are often overfed to attain "catch-up growth." Potential mechanisms include resetting of hypothalamic energy sensing and appetite regulation, altered adipose tissue insulin sensitivity and impaired brown adipose tissue function. More detailed understanding of the mechanisms involved could enable development of therapeutic strategies for ameliorating the ill effects of metabolic programming. Research in this field could potentially identify optimal and appropriate preventative interventions for a burgeoning population at risk of increased mortality and morbidity from obesity and its concomitant metabolic conditions. © 2013 The Authors Clinical and Experimental Pharmacology and Physiology © 2013 Wiley Publishing Asia Pty Ltd.
Authors:
Shalini Ojha; Vivek Saroha; Michael E Symonds; Helen Budge
Related Documents :
23097258 - Obesity, assisted reproductive technology, and early preterm birth--florida, 2004-2006.
2616248 - Ventilatory response to combined high frequency jet ventilation and conventional mechan...
20660548 - Noninvasive continuous positive airway pressure in acute respiratory failure: helmet ve...
23331808 - Lung to head ratio in infants with congenital diaphragmatic hernia does not predict lon...
19507238 - Should all newborns who undergo patent ductus arteriosus ligation be examined for vocal...
6856388 - Manganese balance studies in infants after operations on the heart.
Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2013-1-26
Journal Detail:
Title:  Clinical and experimental pharmacology & physiology     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1440-1681     ISO Abbreviation:  Clin. Exp. Pharmacol. Physiol.     Publication Date:  2013 Jan 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2013-1-28     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0425076     Medline TA:  Clin Exp Pharmacol Physiol     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Copyright Information:
© 2013 The Authors Clinical and Experimental Pharmacology and Physiology © 2013 Wiley Publishing Asia Pty Ltd.
Affiliation:
The Early Life Nutrition Research Unit, Academic Division of Child Health, School of Clinical Sciences, University Hospital, The University of Nottingham, Nottingham, NG7 2UH, United Kingdom.
Export Citation:
APA/MLA Format     Download EndNote     Download BibTex
MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


Previous Document:  Catheter Ablation of Stable Ventricular Tachycardia Before Defibrillator Implantation in Patients wi...
Next Document:  Primer effect in the detection of mitochondrial DNA point heteroplasmy by automated sequencing.