Document Detail

Excess mortality among 3302 patients with 'pure' anxiety neurosis.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  1676884     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
The survival probability and causes of death before the age of 70 years were analyzed among 3302 inpatients with "pure" anxiety neurosis in Stockholm County, Sweden, who were tracked in case registries by means of automated record linkage during a 14-year period. When all patients with other psychiatric diagnoses and substance abuse were excluded, and marital status controlled for, there was a significant excess of deaths due to verified and undetermined suicides, ie, nearly one third of all deaths. These unnatural deaths preempted any excess in natural causes before the age of 70 years, such as cardiovascular disease. Treatment policy with regard to the use of anxiolytic drugs was not found to influence mortality. We concluded that the risk of suicide in inpatients before the age of 70 years with anxiety disorders may be as high as that in persons with depression or other diagnoses who require inpatient care.
C Allgulander; P W Lavori
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Archives of general psychiatry     Volume:  48     ISSN:  0003-990X     ISO Abbreviation:  Arch. Gen. Psychiatry     Publication Date:  1991 Jul 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1991-08-13     Completed Date:  1991-08-13     Revised Date:  2006-11-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0372435     Medline TA:  Arch Gen Psychiatry     Country:  UNITED STATES    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  599-602     Citation Subset:  AIM; IM    
Department of Psychiatry, Huddinge (Sweden) University Hospital.
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MeSH Terms
Age Factors
Anti-Anxiety Agents / therapeutic use
Anxiety Disorders / drug therapy,  epidemiology,  mortality*
Cardiovascular Diseases / mortality
Cause of Death
Life Tables
Middle Aged
Risk Factors
Social Isolation
Suicide / statistics & numerical data*
Sweden / epidemiology
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Anti-Anxiety Agents

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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