|Examining the use of forceful language when designing exercise persuasive messages for adults: a test of conceptualizing reactance arousal as a two-step process.|
|PMID: 18850395 Owner: NLM Status: MEDLINE|
|This investigation tests a conceptualization of reactance as a two-step process. This conceptualization was recently tested with college students, but research testing this conceptualization among primarily adult samples does not currently exist. Psychological reactance theory (PRT) states that individuals exposed to a threat or elimination of a freedom will experience reactance and subsequently be motivated to restore the freedom. Specifically, it is hypothesized that individuals will perceive persuasive messages containing forceful language as a threat to their personal freedom, which will be followed by reactance, manifested in a latent variable composed of anger and negative cognitions. This hypothesis was tested within the context of persuasive messages aimed at encouraging members (N = 247) to participate in weight lifting or group exercise programs at a health and fitness center. Results support conceptualizing reactance as a 2-step process. In addition, results indicate that a primarily adult sample responds unfavorably to forceful persuasive messages advocating the aforementioned exercise activities. In finding support for conceptualizing reactance as a two-step process, we encourage health campaigners and PRT researchers to employ this measure to provide consistency to future PRT studies.|
|Brian L Quick; Jennifer R Considine|
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|Type: Journal Article; Randomized Controlled Trial|
|Title: Health communication Volume: 23 ISSN: 1532-7027 ISO Abbreviation: Health Commun Publication Date: 2008 Sep|
|Created Date: 2008-10-13 Completed Date: 2008-12-30 Revised Date: 2014-03-25|
Medline Journal Info:
|Nlm Unique ID: 8908762 Medline TA: Health Commun Country: United States|
|Languages: eng Pagination: 483-91 Citation Subset: IM|
|APA/MLA Format Download EndNote Download BibTex|
Aged, 80 and over
Exercise / psychology*
Southwestern United States
From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine
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