Document Detail


Examining the influence of aggressive driving behavior on driver injury severity in traffic crashes.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  20728635     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
In this paper, we capture the moderating effect of aggressive driving behavior while assessing the influence of a comprehensive set of variables on injury severity. In doing so, we are able to account for the indirect effects of variables on injury severity through their influence on aggressive driving behavior, as well as the direct effect of variables on injury severity. The methodology used in the paper to accommodate the moderating effect of aggressive driving behavior takes the form of two models--one for aggressive driving and another for injury severity. These are appropriately linked to obtain the indirect and direct effects of variables. The data for estimation is obtained from the National Motor Vehicle Crash Causation Study (NMVCCS). From an empirical standpoint, we consider a fine age categorization until 20 years of age when examining age effects on aggressive driving behavior and injury severity. There are several important results from the empirical analysis undertaken in the current paper based on post-crash data collection on aggressive behavior participation just prior to the crash and injury severity sustained in a crash. Young drivers (especially novice drivers between 16 and 17 years of age), drivers who are not wearing seat belt, under the influence of alcohol, not having a valid license, and driving a pick-up are found to be most likely to behave aggressively. Situational, vehicle, and roadway factors such as young drivers traveling with young passengers, young drivers driving an SUV or a pick-up truck, driving during the morning rush hour, and driving on roads with high speed limits are also found to trigger aggressive driving behavior. In terms of vehicle occupants, the safest situation from a driver injury standpoint is when there are two or more passengers in the vehicle, at least one of whom is above the age of 20 years. These and many other results are discussed, along with implications of the result for graduated driving licensing (GDL) programs.
Authors:
Rajesh Paleti; Naveen Eluru; Chandra R Bhat
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't     Date:  2010-06-02
Journal Detail:
Title:  Accident; analysis and prevention     Volume:  42     ISSN:  1879-2057     ISO Abbreviation:  Accid Anal Prev     Publication Date:  2010 Nov 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2010-08-23     Completed Date:  2010-12-16     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  1254476     Medline TA:  Accid Anal Prev     Country:  England    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  1839-54     Citation Subset:  IM    
Copyright Information:
2010 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
Affiliation:
The University of Texas at Austin, Department of Civil, Architectural and Environmental Engineering, 1 University Station, C1761, Austin, TX 78712-0278, United States. rajeshp@mail.utexas.edu
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Accidents, Traffic / psychology*,  statistics & numerical data*
Adolescent
Adult
Aged
Aggression / psychology*
Alcoholic Intoxication / epidemiology,  prevention & control
Automobile Driving / psychology*
Causality
City Planning
Environment Design
Female
Humans
Injury Severity Score*
Male
Middle Aged
Models, Econometric
Motor Vehicles
Risk Factors
Risk-Taking*
Seat Belts / utilization
Sex Factors
Social Environment
United States
Wounds and Injuries / epidemiology*,  psychology*
Young Adult

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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