Document Detail

Examining the dimensionality of effortful control in preschool children and its relation to academic and socioemotional indicators.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  21553957     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Effortful control (EC) is an important developmental construct, associated with socioemotional growth, academic performance, and psychopathology. EC is defined as the ability to execute goal-directed behavior to inhibit or delay a prepotent response in favor of a subdominant response. Extant research indicates that EC may be multidimensional. Confirmatory factor analysis with a sample of 234 preschoolers was used to determine if tasks designed to measure EC were best described by hot (affectively salient) and cool (affectively neutral) dimensions or by a single factor. Analyses revealed that EC is best described by a single factor, even when variance associated with children's language skills was removed. This EC factor was strongly related to measures of academic performance and significantly less related to measures of socioemotional development.
Nicholas P Allan; Christopher J Lonigan
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural; Research Support, U.S. Gov't, Non-P.H.S.    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Developmental psychology     Volume:  47     ISSN:  1939-0599     ISO Abbreviation:  Dev Psychol     Publication Date:  2011 Jul 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2011-07-12     Completed Date:  2011-11-21     Revised Date:  2013-06-30    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0260564     Medline TA:  Dev Psychol     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  905-15     Citation Subset:  IM    
Copyright Information:
PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2011 APA, all rights reserved
Department of Psychology, Florida State University, Tallahassee, FL 32306-4301, USA.
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MeSH Terms
Analysis of Variance
Child, Preschool
Educational Status
Emotions / physiology*
Executive Function / physiology*
Factor Analysis, Statistical
Inhibition (Psychology)*
Neuropsychological Tests
Social Behavior*
Statistics as Topic
Grant Support

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