Document Detail

Examining clinical trial results with single-subject analysis: an example involving behavioral and nutrition treatment for young children with cystic fibrosis.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  16014819     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
OBJECTIVE: To examine the process of change in a clinical trial of behavioral and nutrition treatment for children age 18-48 months with cystic fibrosis (CF) using single-subject analysis. METHODS: The 5-week treatment included nutrition counseling and child behavioral management training for parents and was designed to increase energy intake measured by diet diaries 600-800 calories per day. RESULTS: Energy intake changed at each meal, only when treatment was introduced (week 1: snacks, 420 to 691; week 2: breakfast, 325 to 443; week 4: lunch, 350 to 443; and week 5: dinner, 373 to 460 calories per day). Total daily intake increased in a systematic fashion that exceeded the criterion set each week during treatment. CONCLUSIONS: Toddlers and preschoolers with CF meet energy intake recommendations as a result of behavioral intervention. Single-subject research designs are important methodologies for advancing clinical investigation in pediatric psychology.
Scott W Powers; Carrie Piazza-Waggoner; Julie S Jones; Kathleen S Ferguson; Cori Daines; James D Acton
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Clinical Trial; Journal Article; Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural     Date:  2005-07-13
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of pediatric psychology     Volume:  31     ISSN:  0146-8693     ISO Abbreviation:  J Pediatr Psychol     Publication Date:  2006 Jul 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2006-06-16     Completed Date:  2006-08-10     Revised Date:  2007-11-14    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  7801773     Medline TA:  J Pediatr Psychol     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  574-81     Citation Subset:  IM    
Division of Behavioral Medicine and Clinical Psychology, Center for Child Behavior and Nutrition Research, Cincinnati, Ohio 45229-3039, USA.
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MeSH Terms
Behavior Therapy / methods*
Child, Preschool
Cystic Fibrosis / diet therapy,  therapy*
Energy Intake
Grant Support

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