Document Detail

Examination of bacteriophage as a biocontrol method for salmonella on fresh-cut fruit: a model study.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  11510645     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
The preparation and distribution of fresh-cut produce is a rapidly developing industry that provides the consumer with convenient and nutritious food. However, fresh-cut fruits and vegetables may represent an increased food safety concern because of the absence or damage of peel and rind, which normally help reduce colonization of uncut produce with pathogenic bacteria. In this study, we found that Salmonella Enteritidis populations can (i) survive on fresh-cut melons and apples stored at 5 degrees C, (ii) increase up to 2 log units on fresh-cut fruits stored at 10 degrees C, and (iii) increase up to 5 log units at 20 degrees C during a storage period of 168 h. In addition, we examined the effect of lytic, Salmonella-specific phages on reducing Salmonella numbers in experimentally contaminated fresh-cut melons and apples stored at various temperatures. We found that the phage mixture reduced Salmonella populations by approximately 3.5 logs on honeydew melon slices stored at 5 and 10 degrees C and by approximately 2.5 logs on slices stored at 20 degrees C, which is greater than the maximal amount achieved using chemical sanitizers. However, the phages did not significantly reduce Salmonella populations on the apple slices at any of the three temperatures. The titer of the phage preparation remained relatively stable on melon slices, whereas on apple slices the titer decreased to nondetectable levels in 48 h at all temperatures tested. Inactivation of phages, possibly by the acidic pH of apple slices (pH 4.2 versus pH 5.8 for melon slices), may have contributed to their inability to reduce Salmonella contamination in the apple slices. Higher phage concentrations and/or the use of low-pH-tolerant phage mutants may be required to increase the efficacy of the phage treatment in reducing Salmonella contamination of fresh-cut produce with a low pH.
B Leverentz; W S Conway; Z Alavidze; W J Janisiewicz; Y Fuchs; M J Camp; E Chighladze; A Sulakvelidze
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of food protection     Volume:  64     ISSN:  0362-028X     ISO Abbreviation:  J. Food Prot.     Publication Date:  2001 Aug 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2001-08-20     Completed Date:  2001-11-01     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  7703944     Medline TA:  J Food Prot     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  1116-21     Citation Subset:  IM    
Produce Quality and Safety Laboratory, Henry A. Wallace Beltsville Agricultural Research Center, Agricultural Research Service, U.S. Department of Agriculture, Maryland 20705, USA.
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MeSH Terms
Bacteriophages / physiology*
Colony Count, Microbial
Electrophoresis, Gel, Pulsed-Field
Food Handling / methods*
Food Microbiology
Fruit / microbiology*
Hydrogen-Ion Concentration
Random Amplified Polymorphic DNA Technique
Salmonella enteritidis / growth & development,  virology*
Time Factors

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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