Document Detail

An examination of sex differences in relation to the eating habits and nutrient intakes of university students.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  21764641     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
OBJECTIVES: To examine sex differences in eating habits and nutrient intakes and explore whether eating habits mediate the effects of sex on nutrient intakes and whether sex moderates the effects of eating habits on nutrient intakes.
METHODS: Cross-sectional survey of eating habits and food-intake frequency in a convenience sample of college students.
RESULTS: Male students (n = 172) consumed a higher energy content from fat, a larger amount of fiber, and more fruits and vegetables, and engaged less often in various healthful eating habits (eg, reading food labels, having breakfast) than female students (n = 316). Sex predicted the 3 dietary nutrient intakes partially through eating habits. Interactions between sex and eating habits were nonsignificant.
CONCLUSIONS AND IMPLICATIONS: Results reinforce that university students' nutrient intakes are less than ideal. Women and men may have different needs for nutritional improvement. However, the effects of health promotion concerning eating habits may be similarly effective between the sexes.
Kin-Kit Li; Rebecca Y Concepcion; Hyo Lee; Bradley J Cardinal; Vicki Ebbeck; Erica Woekel; R Tucker Readdy
Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't     Date:  2011-07-18
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of nutrition education and behavior     Volume:  44     ISSN:  1878-2620     ISO Abbreviation:  J Nutr Educ Behav     Publication Date:    2012 May-Jun
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-04-30     Completed Date:  2012-09-12     Revised Date:  2013-01-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  101132622     Medline TA:  J Nutr Educ Behav     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  246-50     Citation Subset:  IM    
Copyright Information:
Copyright © 2012 Society for Nutrition Education and Behavior. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
Department of Applied Social Studies, City University of Hong Kong, Kowloon Tong, Hong Kong, People's Republic of China.
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MeSH Terms
Cross-Sectional Studies
Diet Surveys
Food Habits*
Regression Analysis
Sex Factors
Students / statistics & numerical data*
Young Adult

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