Document Detail


Exaggerated heart rate oscillations during two meditation techniques.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  10454297     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
We report extremely prominent heart rate oscillations associated with slow breathing during specific traditional forms of Chinese Chi and Kundalini Yoga meditation techniques in healthy young adults. We applied both spectral analysis and a novel analytic technique based on the Hilbert transform to quantify these heart rate dynamics. The amplitude of these oscillations during meditation was significantly greater than in the pre-meditation control state and also in three non-meditation control groups: i) elite athletes during sleep, ii) healthy young adults during metronomic breathing, and iii) healthy young adults during spontaneous nocturnal breathing. This finding, along with the marked variability of the beat-to-beat heart rate dynamics during such profound meditative states, challenges the notion of meditation as only an autonomically quiescent state.
Authors:
C K Peng; J E Mietus; Y Liu; G Khalsa; P S Douglas; H Benson; A L Goldberger
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Comparative Study; Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  International journal of cardiology     Volume:  70     ISSN:  0167-5273     ISO Abbreviation:  Int. J. Cardiol.     Publication Date:  1999 Jul 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1999-09-28     Completed Date:  1999-09-28     Revised Date:  2006-11-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8200291     Medline TA:  Int J Cardiol     Country:  IRELAND    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  101-7     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Margaret and H.A. Rey Laboratory for Nonlinear Dynamics in Medicine, Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center, Boston, MA 02215, USA.
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Adult
Autonomic Nervous System / physiology
Electrocardiography, Ambulatory
Female
Fourier Analysis
Heart Rate / physiology*
Humans
Male
Meditation / methods*
Middle Aged
Qi
Reference Values
Yoga
Comments/Corrections
Comment In:
Int J Cardiol. 2000 Apr 28;73(2):199   [PMID:  10905879 ]

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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